ANALYSIS OF THE MANAGEMENT OF EXAMINATION MALPRACTICES IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION

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ANALYSIS OF THE MANAGEMENT OF EXAMINATION MALPRACTICES IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN NORTH – WEST GEO-POLITICAL ZONE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

The study, “Analysis of the Management of examination malpractices in Colleges of Education in North –West Geo-Political Zone, Nigeria,” was undertaken to find out the Forms, Causes, Effects, Challenges and the Management of Examination Malpractices in Colleges of Education in Nigeria in order to raise the status and integrity of the institutions and the certificates issued. The various management of examination malpractice strategies was captured in order to evolve new strategy possibly for the total eradication of the problem. A total of 380 Students, Lecturers, Examination Officers and Head of Departments were randomly selected from State and Federal Colleges of Education in the North West Geo Political Zone, Nigeria. Participants were selected through Cluster Sampling Process. A questionnaire comprising six sections was constructed. Three hundred and thirty (330) copies of questionnaire were retrieved and the responses of participants were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) after generating the frequency distributions, means, and standard deviations. The five hypotheses of this research were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The major findings of this study revealed, that there are different forms of examination malpractices, including new forms of hi-tech exam cheats (MP3 and MP4) being practice in the Colleges Education. That the causes of the cheating are many, popular among them, are emphasis on certificate, poor examination paper setting, low salary level of personnel (lecturers, typists, examination officers, etc) and inadequate preparation of students. That, the effects of examination malpractices identified include lack of value of the certificate issued, colleges were embarrassed with examination malpractice, decrease in job efficiency, etc. That the Management Strategies employed by the Colleges are weak and therefore, the problem persisted and more students tend to join in Examination Malpractices. That, the challenges are enormous; increase in enrolment rate leading to over-crowdedness in the examination rooms due to inadequate facilities, inadequate trained teachers, moral decadence that penetrated the colleges, interference with investigation and punishment of the culprits. In view of the findings the researcher developed two models, which if carefully and diligently implemented may eradicate Examination Malpractices in Colleges of Education. The models are teacher effectiveness model, which comprises input, process and output that could produce a free Examination Malpractice environment. This model is cheap and safer  as there is no security challenge since the beneficiaries (students) receive what they want. While the second model is on the high continuous assessment and feedback model. Finally, suggestions for future studies are presented.

TABLE OF CONTENTS Page
Title page i

Cover page ii
Declaration iii
Certification iv
Acknowledgments v
Abstract vi
Table of contents viii
List of tables’ xii
List of Figures xiv
List of Acronyms xv
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background to the Study ` 1
Statement of the Problem ` 4
Objectives of the Study ` 6
Research Questions ` 7
Research Hypotheses ` 8
Basic Assumptions ` 8
Significance of the Study ` 9
Scope of the Study 11
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Introduction ` 13
Theoretical and Conceptual Framework ` 13
The Concept Examination/Assessment ` 16
Challenges of Conducting Examination in Colleges of Education 19
Emphasis on Memorization ` 19
Subjectivity ` 20
Poor Content Coverage ` 22
Administrative Bottleneck ` 22
Evaluation System in Nigeria ` 22
Indigenous Evaluation Practice ` 23
Islamic Education Evaluation – 26
Evaluation of the Early Missionary School and Colonial Education 27
The Concept Examination Malpractice 29
Forms of Examination Malpractices 29
Causes of Examination Malpractices ` 31
Effects of Examination Malpractices ` 33
Examination in Nigeria Today 34
Management of Examination Malpractices ` 35
Strategic Management Definitions 37
Strategic Approaches in the Management of Examination Malpractice 40

  • 2.10.3 Formal Mentoring Program 45
    2.11 Empirical Studies 47
    2.12 Summary 50
  • CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
    Introduction 52
    Research Design 52
    Population of the Study 53
    Sample and Sampling Techniques 53
    Instrumentation 58
    3.5.1 Questionnaire 58
    Validity of the Instrument 60
    Pilot Test 60
    Reliability of the Instrument 61
    Administration of the Instrument 61
    Methods of Data Analysis 61
    CHAPTER FOUR
    PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF DATA
    Introduction 63

    Bio Data of the Respondents 63
    Analysis on Research Questions 67
    Hypothesis Testing 136
    Summary of Major Findings 142
    Discussion of the Findings 143
    CHAPTER FIVE
    SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    Summary 146
    Conclusions 150
    Recommendations

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