AWARENESS, ACCEPTANCE OF CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING AND IT’S ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG WOMEN OF CHILDBEARING AGE

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In women all throughout the world, cancers of the reproductive organs are growing more common. The uterus, breasts, and ovaries are just a few of the female organs that fall into this category. Cancer is a disease characterized by the uncontrolled proliferation of cells inside the tissues of the affected organs. These abnormal growths can affect a variety of organs, including the breasts, cervix, and uterus. Any abnormal growth that affects the cervix is referred to as cervical cancer. Cervical cancer has a devastating impact on the lives of women all over the world, particularly in less developed countries. Cervical cancer, according to Ferlay (2002), is a threat to women’s lives, causes long-term challenges for families, and offers a challenge to the health-care system. He continued, saying that each year, 493,000 new cases of cervical cancer are detected in women around the world, and 274,000 women die as a result of the disease. Furthermore, he stated that 83 percent of new cases are discovered in developing countries with screening procedures that are neither well-established nor effective. Cervical cancer is the leading cause of death among women in the majority of these countries. Cervical cancer has a national incidence rate of 250 incidences per 100,000 people in Nigeria (Adesokan, 2009). According to Obinna and Ogundipe, the World Health Organization (WHO) predicts that 40.43 million Nigerian women aged 15 and over are at risk of developing cervical cancer (2010). According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 14,550 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer each year, with 9,659 women dying from it. Cervical cancer is defined by Adesokan (2009) as the malignant growth of the cervix, also known as immortalization. It is the type of female genital cancer that happens most commonly in poor countries, according to her, and the type of cancer that affects women the second most frequently overall, according to her. The phrase “cervical cancer” refers to a disease in which cells of the cervix become aberrant and begin to develop uncontrollably, resulting in the formation of tumors, according to the parameters of this inquiry. The disease usually targets the cervix, which is part of the reproductive system’s internal organs. According to Park (2009), cervical cancer is defined by aberrant cell proliferation, the ability to infect adjacent tissues and even distant organs, and the patient’s eventual death if the tumor has progressed beyond the stage at which it may be safely removed. Cervical cancer is a condition that affects women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. He also mentioned that cervical cancer has a progressive path, starting with epithelial dysplasia, progressing to carcinoma in situ, and lastly to invasive carcinoma. Carcinoma in situ can be present for an extended period of time, on average more than 8 years.

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