Human Factors Contributing To Seaport Operational Deficiency In Tincan Island Lagos
A port requires a huge amount of investment for construction and reflects the global evolution, economic growth and innovation that will cut across centuries. The strength and civil engineering infrastructure must be strong, based on the weight that must be carried on the quay ship side and to warehouses . Regrettably, most civil construction in Nigeria cannot be said to meet the test of time. The kind of technology we still make use of in cargo handling operations are of middle level. A system of rapid response to the challenges of modern seaport operations and administration at most of our seaports cannot be guaranteed. One critical issue affecting seaports in Nigeria are inadequate repair and maintenance facilities. It contributes to a number of vessels being abandoned, especially when the costs of transporting such vessels for maintenance or repair plus the actual repair is more than expected. According to Burns , port development is coming to the stage where some bigger seaports will serve as hubs to feed smaller seaports. If the seaport has not been strategically developed to meet the demands and the purpose of its establishment, but is based on political aspirations or sentiments, then a huge capital investment that could have been used in other sectors will be wasted. The exportation of agricultural produce from various part of Nigeria has not been fully harnessed . One critical factor to achieving that objective is rail transport connectivity and accessibility to Nigerian seaports. Nigerian seaports are increasingly more import dependent than export dependent, according to the cargo throughput statistics of . The current efforts of the Nigerian Ports Authority management have been yielding rapid transformation in seaport developments, however; more effort is required for terminal operations and management, leasing, contract and ship repairs. The port system needs to consider variables like the market cycle (short term or long term), partnership with oil major marketers, terminal operators, shippers, cruise lines, and major liner companies, among others . The World Bank expressed concern for a new port development strategy. In the paper, the Port of Damettia was made reference to regarding its strength among other seaports in Egypt. The terminal was constructed based on the anticipated traffic for container shipment and, unfortunately, the terminal could initially not receive traffic for years. After the change of port of call by the shipping company from Cyprus to Diamettia, cargo throughput changed. In 1960s, Antwerp, Rotterdam, and Marseilles developed industrial sites very close to port facilities. Due to the success recorded for the place to become a center of industrial facilities, an additional three regional ports were established. Two of the three were productive, while the last one along the River Eems (Eemshaven near Germany) was not productive due to its inability to generate significant cargo flows from the hinterland. The major obstacle to the development of seaports in Nigeria is the large number of distributaries of the River Niger, which drain into ocean carrying large amount of sand . Apart from this, to gain economies of scale, bigger vessels are required, and the ports are expected to keep up with these demands.