AN APPRAISAL OF THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR COMBATING TERRORISM IN NIGERIA

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ABSTRACT

Terrorism has been a scourge both to the government and the people of Nigeria. The human and material loss recorded in recent past is enormous and has been a source of worry to all. The sources of information relied here are relevant text materials, statutes (including international instruments), judicial authorities, articles in journal publications and internet materials. The problem of this research work, therefore, is how to bring terrorism to an end in Nigeria.In view of this, the objectives of this research work, adopting a doctrinal research methodology, is therefore, to examine the legal framework for combating terrorism in Nigeria, to examine the causes of terrorism in Nigeria and to proffer solutions to the menace of terrorism in Nigeria. The major finding of this work is the conflicting role of the National Security Adviser and the Attorney General of the Federation. The 2013 Act stated that the office of the National Security Adviser shall be the coordinating body for all security and enforcement agencies under this Act while it further stated that the AG of the Federation shall be the authority for the effective implementation and administration of this Act. The role of the NSA and AGF under this Act is overlapping and is capable of frustrating the workings of this Act especially where the occupants of these offices want to show the superiority of the offices they occupy. This is a potent danger in the administration of the Act and if not looked into may derail the fight against terrorism.One of the recommendations of this research work, therefore, is the amendment of Section 1A (1) and (2) of Terrorism (Prevention) Act, 2013 which is on the powers of the National Security Adviser and that of Attorney General of the Federation to clearly delineate their roles and functions in order to strengthen the fight against terrorism.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page i
Declaration ii
Certification iii
Dedication iv
Acknowledgement v
Abstract vi
Table of Statutes vii
List of Cases viii
Table of Contents ix
CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1.1. Background to the Study 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem 3
1.3. Aim and Objectives of the Research 3
1.4 Justification of the Research 4
Scope of the Research 4
Research Methodology 4
Literature Review 4
Organizational Layout 8
CHAPTER TWO
Conceptual Clarifications of Key Terms
Introduction 13
Concept of Terrorism 13
Concept of Terrorist Financing 19
Concept of Money Laundering 20
Terrorist Financing Through Money Laundering 21
The Typologies of Terrorist Financing In Nigeria 25
Concept of Crime under Domestic and International Law 29
CHAPTER THREE
TerrorisminNigeria
Introduction 38
Causes of Terrorism in Nigeria… 38
Impact of Terrorism on National Development, Peace and Security 53
International Legal Framework in Combating Terrorism 60
International Legal Regime against Terrorism 61
The Regional Efforts of ECOWAS in Combating Terrorism 64
CHAPTER FOUR
The Analysis of Domestic Legal Framework in Combating Terrorism and Terrorist Financing in Nigeria 69
Introduction 69
The Economic and Financial Crime Commission (EFCC) Establishment Act, 2004…69 4.3 Terrorism (Prevention) Act, 2011 71
The Terrorism (Prevention) (Amendment) Act, 2013 82
Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 (As Amended) 89
Challenges in Combating Terrorism in Nigeria 94
CHAPTER FIVE
Summary and Conclusion 108
Summary 108
Findings 108
Recommendations 110
BIBLIOGRAPHY 113

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Contents