Assessing the Impacts of Oil Exploitation on the Environment and Community Livelihoods in Nigeria
Introduction: Oil has been a significant source of revenue for Nigeria, accounting for over 70% of the country’s income. However, the exploitation of oil in Nigeria has had several negative impacts on the environment and the livelihoods of local communities. This research aims to evaluate the impacts of oil exploitation on the environment and community livelihoods in Nigeria and explore possible solutions to mitigate these impacts.
Background: Nigeria is one of the largest oil-producing countries in Africa, and the sector has played a significant role in the country’s economic growth. The oil industry in Nigeria began in 1956 with the discovery of crude oil in the Niger Delta region. Since then, the oil industry has grown significantly, and Nigeria has become the largest oil producer in Africa and the sixth-largest oil-producing country in the world.
Despite the economic benefits of oil exploitation, the negative impacts on the environment and the livelihoods of local communities have been significant. The exploitation of oil has led to environmental degradation, pollution, and health hazards for the local population. It has also led to the displacement of communities and the loss of their traditional means of livelihood.
Methodology: This research will use a mixed-method approach to collect data on the impacts of oil exploitation in Nigeria. Primary data will be collected through field visits to selected communities in the Niger Delta region, where oil exploitation is most prominent. Semi-structured interviews will be conducted with community members, government officials, and representatives from the oil industry. The interviews will focus on the impacts of oil exploitation on the environment and community livelihoods, as well as the measures taken to mitigate these impacts.
Secondary data will also be collected through a review of existing literature on the subject. The literature review will focus on the environmental and social impacts of oil exploitation in Nigeria and the measures taken to mitigate these impacts.
Expected Results: The research is expected to provide insights into the impacts of oil exploitation on the environment and community livelihoods in Nigeria. It will highlight the challenges faced by local communities and provide recommendations for mitigating these impacts. The research will also provide information on the measures taken by the government and the oil industry to address the environmental and social impacts of oil exploitation.
Conclusion: The exploitation of oil in Nigeria has had significant negative impacts on the environment and community livelihoods. This research aims to provide insights into these impacts and explore possible solutions to mitigate them. The findings of this research will be useful for policymakers, government officials, and the oil industry in developing strategies to ensure sustainable oil exploitation in Nigeria.Download Full Material-N4000 PAY WITH PAYPAL