Availability And Utilization Of Biology Laboratory Materials In Secondary Schools


Availability And Utilization Of Biology Laboratory Materials In Secondary Schools In Jos South L.G.A, Plateau State




This study is on Availability And Utilization Of Biology Laboratory Materials In Secondary Schools In Jos South L.G.A, Plateau Stat, It adopted a descriptive  survey research design and was guided by one (1) checklist and two (2) research questions. It sought to find out laboratory resources available for teaching and learning biology in secondary schools in Jos South L.G.A, the extent of adequacy in the provision of laboratory resources in secondary schools and the extent of utilization of the laboratory resources by the biology teachers in teaching and learning biology.  Descriptive survey research design was employed for the study, a population of thirty six (36) teachers, due to factors that could not be controlled by the researcher a total of (20) respondents were used for the study, the total number of teachers of secondary schools in Jos South L.G.A is thirty six(36) for this reason, there was no need for sampling . The instrument used for data collection was a researcher developed questionnaire tagged Questionnaire on Availability and Utilization of Laboratory Resources in teaching and learning Biology (QAULR). The questionnaire has sixty (60) items. Descriptive statistics including percentages, mean and standard deviation were used to answer research questions while frequency was used to ascertain the relative position of the items in their order of priority/effect. It was revealed from the study that a total of sixteen out of the twenty listed items were available of in biology laboratories. The study also revealed that laboratory resources are not adequately provided for in secondary schools. Additionally, due to inadequacy in the quantity and quality of laboratory resources provided to secondary schools, students and teachers find it difficult to utilize the laboratory effectively. Different factors ranging from inadequate fund; over enrollment of students into government secondary schools; inadequacy in quantity and quality of human and material resources; lack of storage facilities; lack of supervision;  together with ignorance on the proper usage of resources due to lack of training were found to militate against provision, utilization of laboratory resources in secondary schools. Based on the above problems, it was recommended that biology laboratories should be adequately funded; staff, students and laboratory technologists/assistants should be adequately trained on proper improvisation of laboratory; appropriate storage of material resources; provision of accurate records/logistics; replacement/repair of damaged/faulty laboratory materials; appropriate planning, implementation, supervision, monitoring and evaluation of all biology laboratory utilizers among others were suggested as strategies for improving provision and utilization of laboratory materials in secondary schools.


Content                                                                                                                      Pages

Title Page

Approval Page




Table of Contents

List of Tables



Background of the Study

Statement of the Problem

Purpose of the Study

Significance of the Study

Scope of the Study

Research Questions


Conceptual Framework

Nature of biology

Laboratory Resources

Availability of  Laboratory Resources

Maintenance of  Resources

Concept of Teaching and Learning

Theoretical Framework

Piaget’s Cognitive  Constructivists Learning  Theory

. Vygosky’s Social Constructivists Theory

Empirical Studies

Effects of integrating theory practicals on student’s achievement in Biology

Effects of Biological Practical activities on students’ process skills

.Effects of Laboratory approach on academic achievement of biology of students of different levels of scientific literacy

Summary of Literature Review


Design of the Study

Area of the Study

Population of the Study

Sample and Sampling Technique

Instrument for Data Collection

Validation of Instrument

Trial testing of the Instrument

Reliability of the Instrument

Method of Data Collection

Method of Data Analysis


Research Question One

Research Question Two

Research Question Three

Summary of Findings of the Study


Discussion Based on the three Research Questions

Conclusions Reached from the Findings of the Study

Educational Implications of the Findings of the Study


Limitations of the Study

Suggestions for Further Research/Study

Summary of the Study