BEST FORMAT TO ARRANGE REFERENCES IN RESEARCH PROJECT TOPICS
There are several popular referencing styles, such as APA, MLA, Chicago, and Harvard, that are commonly used in research projects. The specific style you use may depend on your academic discipline and the requirements of your institution.
Regardless of the style you use, the general format for arranging references in a research project typically includes the following elements:
- Author’s name (or authors’ names) – Last name followed by first and middle initials.
- Publication date – Year of publication for the source.
- Title of the article or book – Capitalize the first letter of each significant word.
- Name of the journal or book – Italicize the title of the journal or book.
- Volume and issue numbers (for journal articles) – Use italics for the volume number, but not the issue number. If there is no issue number, use the abbreviation “no.” before the number.
- Page numbers – Indicate the specific page numbers that the reference covers.
- DOI or URL (for electronic sources) – Include the digital object identifier (DOI) or the URL of the source if it is an electronic resource.
Here is an example of how to format a reference using the APA style:
Smith, J. D. (2007). The effects of climate change on polar bears. Science, 315(5815), 1513-1515. doi:10.1126/science.1136770
Note that different referencing styles have different requirements for how to format the elements of a reference, so it is important to consult the guidelines for the specific style you are using to ensure that you are formatting your references correctly.