Design And Evaluation Of Promotion Exercises
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Computer the versatile data processing machine has been found very useful in every human environ since its incursion into many field of study, industry, business, science and technology in general. Promotion is being prepared by organizations, committees, government and other business firms. This scheme also affects workers salary daily, weekly or monthly.
According to Thompson (2008), Promotion is the advancement of an employee’s rank or position in an organizational hierarchy system. Promotion may be an employee’s reward for good performance, i.e., positive appraisal. Before a company promotes an employee to a particular position it ensures that the person is able to handle the added responsibilities by screening the employee with interviews and tests and giving them training or on-the-job experience.
A promotion can involve advancement in terms of designation, salary and benefits, and in some organizations the type of job activities may change a great deal. In many companies and public service organizations, more senior positions have a different title: an analyst who is promoted becomes a “principal analyst”; an economist becomes a “senior economist”; or an associate professor becomes a “full professor”. The amount of salary increase associated with a promotion varies a great deal between industries and sectors, and depending on the what parts of the hierarchical ladder an employee is moving between. In some industries or sectors, there may be only a modest increase in salary for a promotions; in other fields, a promotion may substantially increase an employee’s salary.
The same is true with benefits and other privileges; in some industries, the promotion only changes the title and salary, and there are no additional benefits or privileges (beyond the psycho-social benefits that may accrue to the individual). In some not-for-profit organizations, the values of the organization or the tightness of funding may result in there being only modest salary increases associated with a promotion. In other industries, especially in private sector companies, a promotion to senior management may carry a number of benefits, such as stock options, a reserved parking space, a corner office with a secretary, and bonus pay for good performance. The degree to which job activities change varies between industries and sectors. In some fields, even after an employee is promoted, they continue to do similar work. For example, a policy analyst in the federal government who is promoted to the post of senior policy analyst will continue to do similar tasks such as writing briefing notes and carrying out policy research. The differences may be in the complexity of the files that the individual is assigned to or in the sensitivity of the issues that they are asked to deal with. In other fields, when an employee is promoted, their work changes substantially. For example, whereas a staff engineer in a civil engineering firm will spend their time doing engineering inspections and working with blueprints, a senior engineer may spend most of their day in meetings with senior managers and reading financial reports. In symphony orchestras, when a musician such as a violinist is promoted to the position of concertmaster, their duties change substantially. As a violin player, the individual played the music as part of the violin section. As a concertmaster, the individual plays solo parts, decides on the bowings and interpretation of the music, and leads the violins during performances.
Different organizations grant the hiring and promoting managers different levels of discretion to award promotions. In some parts of the private sector, the senior management has a very high level of discretion to award promotions, and they can promote employees without going through much procedures or formalities such as testing, screening, and interviewing.
In the public sector and in academia, there are usually many more checks and balances in place to prevent favoritism or bias. In many Western public service bodies, when a manager wants to promote an employee, they must follow a number of steps, such as advertising the position, accepting applications from qualified candidates, screening and interviewing candidates, and then documenting why they chose a particular candidate. In academia, a similar approach is used, with the added safeguard of including several layers of committee review of the proposed promotion using committees which include members of other faculty and experts from other
There is no computerised system which takes in the criteria for promotion to determined if a staff is fit for promotion or not. All promotion documents are computed manually and pose a lot of problems when promotion is to be given to staffs. There by there is need for the development of a computerised promotion system so as to eliminate the manual promotion,
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
Over the years manual methods of promotion scheme has been used. Those method has its problems. It has been proven to be very ineffective and inefficient. Some of the problems are:
- The job of appraised and promotion is tedious and causes delay.
- This method encourages fraud, names, ranks and figures are easily manipulated and changed.
- The manual methods requires people who are competent in statistical/ mathematics related computation to do a reliable job as a result, people of such are very scarce. The reason to this is because since the world and everything in it are now computerized and programmed for their own special purpose and functions so it is to every human who will operate on it so as to ease stress because very discipline as a course of study is now computerized. It is only the computer that sent a professor to the class room (Ezeani).
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objective of this project work is aimed at:
- Designing and implementing a computerized staff appraisal and promotion system that will help to eliminate instance of delay and frauds associated with manual appraisal and promotion of workers.
- The promotion modules will help in data processing of all the employees in the civil service commission.
- The system will also enable staffs to know whether or not they are promoted instead of going to the notice board to check.