Multilateralism is a key aspect of China’s foreign policy focus, as the country seeks to promote greater cooperation and coordination among nations in addressing global challenges. This approach reflects China’s desire to play a more active role in the international community and to promote a more inclusive and equitable global order.
One example of China’s multilateralism is its engagement in the United Nations (UN) system. China is a founding member of the UN and has played an active role in many UN bodies and initiatives, including the Security Council, the General Assembly, and the World Health Organization (WHO). China has also been a major contributor to UN peacekeeping operations, providing troops and funding to support these efforts (Hu, 2020).
China has also promoted multilateralism through regional organizations, such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC). The SCO is a regional security and economic organization that includes China, Russia, and several Central Asian states. China has played a leading role in the organization, advocating for greater regional cooperation on issues such as terrorism, drug trafficking, and energy security (Wang, 2019). Similarly, FOCAC is a platform for China to engage with African countries on a range of issues, including economic development, infrastructure, and peace and security (Zhao, 2019).
China’s focus on multilateralism is also reflected in its participation in multilateral trade agreements, such as the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) and the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). RCEP is a trade agreement between 15 Asia-Pacific countries, including China, that aims to reduce trade barriers and promote greater economic integration in the region (Li, 2020). BRI, meanwhile, is a massive infrastructure and investment initiative that seeks to promote connectivity and economic development across Asia, Europe, and Africa (Liu, 2021).
In conclusion, multilateralism is a major aspect of China’s foreign policy focus, reflecting the country’s desire to promote greater cooperation and coordination among nations in addressing global challenges. China’s engagement in the UN system, regional organizations, and multilateral trade agreements all demonstrate its commitment to this approach.
Hu, J. (2020). China’s Participation in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations: Practice and Challenges. China International Studies, 7(2), 67-84.
Li, L. (2020). The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: China’s Strategy for East Asian Integration. East Asia, 37(3), 221-236.
Liu, S. (2021). China’s Belt and Road Initiative and Beyond. Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies, 8(1), 56-73.
Wang, L. (2019). Shanghai Cooperation Organization: Opportunities and Challenges for China. Journal of Contemporary China, 28(117), 768-783.
Zhao, Y. (2019). China’s Engagement with Africa through the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation. Journal of Contemporary China, 28(115), 565-579.