The agro-food value chain has the potential to drive economic development in Nigeria by creating jobs, increasing incomes, and boosting exports. According to a report by the International Food Policy Research Institute, the agricultural sector accounts for about 29% of Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employs about 60% of the country’s population (IFPRI, 2017). The agro-food value chain includes activities such as crop cultivation, animal husbandry, food processing, packaging, transportation, and distribution.

One of the ways the agro-food value chain can boost economic development is by creating jobs. The agricultural sector in Nigeria has the potential to create millions of jobs in various areas such as crop production, livestock farming, and food processing. For example, the establishment of food processing industries will create job opportunities for people involved in the processing, packaging, and distribution of food products.

In addition, the agro-food value chain can increase incomes for farmers and other stakeholders in the sector. When farmers are able to sell their produce at fair prices, they can increase their income, which in turn will boost the local economy. The development of agro-industries will also create opportunities for farmers to sell their produce to these industries at better prices, increasing their incomes.

Furthermore, the agro-food value chain has the potential to boost exports, which can generate foreign exchange earnings for the country. Nigeria has the potential to export agricultural products such as cocoa, palm oil, and cassava to other countries. The establishment of agro-processing industries will also enable Nigeria to export value-added food products, which will fetch higher prices than raw agricultural products.

In conclusion, the agro-food value chain has the potential to drive economic development in Nigeria. The creation of jobs, increase in incomes, and boost in exports are some of the ways the sector can contribute to economic growth. However, for the agro-food value chain to achieve its potential, there is a need for government policies that support the development of the sector, investment in infrastructure, and the adoption of modern technologies.


IFPRI (2017). Nigeria: A Growing and Demanding Food Market. International Food Policy Research Institute. Retrieved from

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