INFLUENCE OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ON ADOLESCENT’S ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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INFLUENCE OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ON ADOLESCENT’S ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

 

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to investigate the Influence of Emotional Intelligence on Adolescent’s Academic Achievement in Senior Secondary Schools.. The population for the study was senior secondary school students of the state. Through stratified random sampling 3 schools were selected from each of the three educational zones, giving nine schools. Using systematic random sampling, 1,200 students were sampled from the schools comprising of 630 females and 570 males. Correlation Survey Design was used in the study. Seven research questions and seven hypotheses were raised to guide the study. Instrument titled Students’ Emotional Intelligence Rating Scale (SEIRS) was used in collecting data for the study. The instrument was validated by three professionals from the faculty of Education of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. The reliability index was 0.87. A self delivery technique was used in administering the instrument on the students directly by the researcher. The data collected were analyzed using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) to provide answers to the research questions, while Multiple Regression Analysis (MRA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The response format used in analyzing the data was a 4- point – modified Likert rating scale of Strongly Agree (SA), Agree (A), Disagree (D) and Strongly Disagree (SD) with values of 4,3,2,1 respectively. The result of the study revealed that emotional intelligence predicted academic achievement of senior secondary school students. The five emotional competences: empathy response, mood regulation, interpersonal skills, internal motivation and self awareness have significant correlation with the academic achievement of senior secondary students in Ebonyi state. It was also found that males have relatively more emotional abilities that influence their academic performance than the female counterpart. The result showed that the correlation coefficients obtained for males and females were 0.49 and 0.48 respectively.  Students in schools located in the rural areas were found to have more emotional competences than students in the urban areas. The correlation coefficients obtained for urban and rural students were 0.47 and 0.51 respectively. It was concluded that emotional intelligence is very crucial in students’ academic achievement and when students are trained on the skills, it will significantly improve the performance of students in the schools. Among other educational implications of the study is that, basing students education on the training of the cognitive domain alone is not comprehensive enough for the total development of their intelligence. It was therefore recommended that the study of emotional intelligence and the skills should be introduced in the school system so that students will be trained on how to develop, manage and control emotions for better academic performance in Ebonyi state schools and Nigeria in general.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE i
APPROVAL PAGE ii
CERTIFICATION iii
DEDICATION iv
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT v
TABLE OF CONTENTS vi
LIST OF TABLES vii
LIST OF FIGURES x
ABSTRACT xi
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study 1
Statement of the Problem 10
Purpose of the Study 11
Significance of the Study 12
Scope of the Study 13
Research Questions 13
Research Hypotheses 14

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE 15

Conceptual Framework 16
Concept of Emotion 16
Concept of Intelligence 20
Concept of Emotional Intelligence 21
Concept of Achievement 24
Concepts of Academic Achievements 24
Concept of Gender 25
Diagrammatic Representation of Conceptual Framework 26

Theoretical Framework 27
Salovey and Mayor Model of Emotional Intelligence 28
Goleman’s Model of Emotional Intelligence 30
Baron’s Model of Emotional Intelligence 33
Empirical Studies 35
Studies on Emotional Intelligence & Academic Achievement 35
Studies on gender relationship with emotional intelligence 39
Studies of students’ location and influence on emotional intelligence 42
Summary of Literature Review 43

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD 46

Design of the Study 46
Area of the Study 46
Population of the Study 47
Sample and Sampling Techniques 47
Instrument for Data Collection 47
Validation of the Instrument 49
Reliability of the Instrument 49
Method of Data Collection 49
Method of Data Analysis 50

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION OF RESULTS 51

Research Question One 51
Hypothesis one 52
Research Question Two 52
Hypothesis Two 53
Research Question Three 53
Hypothesis Three 54
Research Question Four 55
Hypothesis Four 56
Research Question Five 56
Hypothesis Five 57
Research Question Six 58
Hypothesis Six 59
Research Question Seven 60
Hypothesis Seven 61
Summary of the findings 63

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS, DISCUSSION AND
RECOMMENDATIONS

Discussion of the findings 64
Conclusions 70
Educational implication of the findings 71
Recommendations 72
Limitations of the Study 73
Suggestions for further Studies 73
Summary of the Study 74
References 79
Appendices 82

 

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