Influence of teachers attitude to work on students academic performance in community secondary School kolo in Bayelsa State
1.0 Background to the Study
School is a place where people learn different types of skills and abilities in order to be useful to themselves and the society in general. The school, in essence, provides total manpower to the society, and serves as a place where norms and traditions of the society are transmitted from generation to generation. The mission of the school is to produce relevant indigenous manpower for developmental activities and the bases of the need and aspirations of the society, so that the community can progress and develop especially in this age of globalisation. Besides, some of the functions the of school are that of generating and updating knowledge on contemporary issues for the purpose of unity, progress and development of human society among others Abubakar (2009).
Education on the other hand is the key to the socio economic development of any nation and social mobility of an individual while Secondary school education is the foundation of every other educational pursuit. Maduewesi (2005) in the same vein states that a sound secondary education is the pre-requisite to all other education, children need a sound secondary education because it is a gateway to whatever the individual can achieve through education. The National Policy on Education NPE (2005) describes secondary education as the key to the success or failure of the whole system. The objectives for secondary education put emphasis on a balance between physical and intellectual development of a child. It also aimed at widening access to basic education, eliminate present inequalities in enrolment between urban and rural, ensure greater retention and ensure long-term permanent literacy for those children who had completed the system.
The achievement of the stated objectives of secondary school education, in Nigeria largely depends on many factors, among which are secondary school teacher’s attitude and experience, this is because attitude affects the success of the individual in his interpersonal relations and, as has been demonstrated by research, there is a positive correlation between favourable attitude and learning, (Saka, (2002). Therefore, becoming a successful teacher presents a great challenge today than at any previous time in history (Isyaku, (1993).
Students expect more from their school and their teachers. This shows that teachers are very important in the teaching and learning processes because they give proper and adequate training to their students to enhance production of competent individuals that will promote desired development of any nation, it should be noted that education is the instrument for social change and parameter that develop and improves the intellectual and moral abilities of the child. The importance of the teacher in education at all levels is reflected in the 2004 National Policy on Education, as it declares that “no educational system may rise above the quality of its teachers”.
Eso (1998) observed that to be an effective teacher is to possess the skills essential for enhancing classroom control and discipline. It is the teacher’s competence, ability and resourcefulness to efficiently utilize the appropriate language, methodology and available instructional materials to bring out the best from learners in terms of academic achievement. To Abimbade, (1999) teachers are said to be effective when their teaching can lead to students’ learning. Nothing has been taught until it has been learnt and this happens when the teacher succeeds in causing a change in behaviour in the learner. It is therefore important that the teacher must see teaching as an attempt on his own part to transfer what he has learnt to his students. A growing body of research suggests that schools can make a difference and a substantial portion of that difference is attributable to teachers.
Isyaku (1993), Abimbade (1999) and Aluede (2009) stressed that for successful teaching and learning to take place, there are many factors, among which are teacher attitude and experience. As such the study is aimed at finding out the influence of teachers’ attitude and experience on social studies achievement of secondary school students.
Statement of the Problem
It is a known fact that education is the vehicle upon which wheel of national development revolves Fafunwa (2003). Proper education hinges on effective classroom management through the activities of teacher
.These show that for an effective teaching-learning to take place at whatever level of education, teachers are of paramount importance.
Olaofe (1997) and Maduewesi (2005) declared that teachers are very important in teaching and learning process, government and society believes that teachers play a significant role in improving the quality of education given at all level, this is why different teacher programmes were put in place in order to improve the quality of teachers towards their teaching subject.
Teaching on the other hand is a deliberate effort by experience person to impart knowledge, information skills to less experience person through a process that is morally and pedagogically accepted, this implies that different factors need to be in place before teaching take place, among which are: mastery of the subject matter, classroom management, time management, use of proper teaching materials, teaching method etc and all these depend on the teachers attitude and teachers teaching experience.
Unfortunately, It’s an obvious fact that the standard of education in Nigeria is falling where a secondary six students cannot make a correct sentence and the performance of university product in the field of work, Olaofe (1997).Can these problem be attributed to teachers attitude and teachers experience? Because in some of our secondary schools not all teachers teaching social studies that are trained social studies teachers. Thus, there is need to urgently investigate the social studies achievement of secondary school students. It has been observed that many experienced teachers always leave teaching to other profession. Could the problem of pupil’s achievement in secondary school social studies be attributed to teacher’s attitude on the part of secondary school teachers? This study is therefore set to investigate the influence of teachers’ attitude and experience on the social studies students’ achievement in Kano State.
Objectives of the Study
- To examine the relationship between teachers’ attitude and students’ academic performance in geography
- to investigate the factors responsible for teachers’ attitude
The data of this research will seek to address the following questions:
- What is the relationship between teachers’ attitude and students’ academic performance in geography?
- What are the factors responsible for teachers’ attitude?
Ho: There is no significant between teachers’ attitude and students’ academic performance in geography
Significance of the Study
The purpose of conducting any research is to make significant contributions to knowledge. This research therefore intends to makes significant contribution to knowledge, specifically in the area of education . The findings of this study will provide information on the influence of teacher’s attitude towards academic performance of secondary school students, that will be useful for the improvement of the quality of education in Nigeria, It will also provide empirical data on the influence of teachers attitude and experience on the Social Studies achievement of secondary school students.
The findings will be of benefits to curriculum planners on the importance of teacher’s attitude and teaching experience on the Social
Studies achievement of students not only in Social Studies education but also in other teaching subjects. The knowledge gained from this study would be of significant importance to governments and education policy makers to see the importance of encouraging and establishment of different educational programme to secondary school teachers to inculcate positive attitude towards their teaching subject. Furthermore secondary school head teachers will see the importance of giving teachers their teaching subject from their area of specialisation.
Finally, the state secondary education board that are responsible for the recruitment of secondary school teachers will see the significance of recruiting teachers with teaching experience and retaining experienced teachers for proper academic achievement, and finally it will help teachers to develop positive attitude towards their teaching subject.
Scope of the study
This study was delimited to all secondary six students and all secondary six Social Studies Education teachers in Kumbotso Local Government Area of Kano state. The Social Studies Education achievement of secondary school students was the sole concern of the study.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE FOR TEACHERS ATTITUDE TO WORK AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
This chapter reviewed literature related to teacher attitude and experience particularly to pupil’s social studies achievement at secondary school. The chapter was presented under the following sub headings;
The concept of teacher,
The concept of teaching
The concept of experience,
Review of empirical studies