Location and Description of AMAC
Abuja Municipal Area Council (AMAC) is the largest and most developed of the six area councils, while Kuje Area Council falls within the semi-urban settlement location of the Federal Capital Territory. The bulk of the built-up area of AMAC is made up of the Federal Capital City (FCC). The FCC has five main districts, namely Asokoro, Maitama, Garki,
Wuse, and Central Area and other newly developed districts Apo, Gaduwa, Gudu, Lokugoma, Kaura, Durumi, Katampe, Gwarimpa, (Okobia E. L. 2011), other districts such as Kagini, Karsana, Karmo, etc, has shown recent developmental growth in the FCC. Figure 1 gives the boundary location of the study areas. AMAC is located between latitude 80401 and 90201 north of the equator and longitude 60401 and 70401 east of the Greenwich meridian. The Abuja FCT has a land mass of approximately 8000sq km of which the FCC occupies about 250sq km with population recent census at 778,567 for Abuja Municipal Area Council (Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette, 2007).
The climate of the Abuja Municipal Area Council is quite similar to that of the Territory; it is the hot, humid, and tropical type. It is such that its major elements have regimes that are transitional from those of the Southern and the Northern parts of the country.
From the available information extrapolated from adjacent weather stations, the study area has temperatures ranging from 210C – 26.70C yearly and a total annual rainfall of approximately 1,650mm. About 60% of the annual rains fall during the month of July, August and September Nigeria Metrological Agency (NIMET, 2010). A crucial climatic characteristic of this area is the frequent occurrence of squall lines heralded by thunder storms, lightening, strong winds and rainfall of high intensity (Hassan, 2008).
The temperature is highest and greatest diurnal ranges during the dry season months, when the maximum temperature ranges between 300C to 350C. During the rainy seasons on the other hand, the maximum temperature ranges between 250C and 300C (NIMET, 2010).
This study will contribute to other research on air quality especially for outdoor purpose. It has provided data in looking at the various sources of pollution. The level of pollutants by empirical data in the atmosphere will affect various communities and environment. It will also provide information for Policy formulation, Economic planning, Environmental Managers, NGOs, Local Council Administrators, Urban Town Planners, Foreign Investors and Government agencies.
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