Negative Influence of ICT On The Academic Performance of Junior Secondary School Students

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PURCHASE 6500

A study of the negative influence of ICT on the academic performance of junior secondary school students. A CASE STUDY OF PORT HARCOURT, RIVER STATE NIGERIA

Abstract

The paper examines negative influence of ICT on the academic performance of junior secondary school students. Eight schools in Port Harcourt,Rivers State, Nigeria were selected for the study. Again, four objective questions were examined in the course of carrying out the investigation. A survey research method was employed. Data were collected using twenty-two structured items. The total population for the study was 400 respondents – 360 students and 40 teachers. The findings of the study was analyzed using simple percentage, frequency table and mean score. The result of the findings showed  that ICT can take away valuable learning time, it can  be overused, also it can  turn educational experiences into games for students and thus enhances low academic performances, it also exposes students to porn sites and can distract them during class hours. The work also tried recommending possible solutions to this effect.

Negative Influence of ICT On The Academic Performance of Junior Secondary School Students 

CHAPTER ONE/INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

The role of technology in teaching and learning is rapidly becoming one of the most important and widely discussed issues in contemporary education policy (Rosen and Well, 1995; and Thierer, 2000). Most experts in the field of education agree that, when properly used, Information Communication Technology holds great promises to improve teaching and learning in addition to shaping workforce opportunities. This has actually gingered a new and strong desire to equip schools with computer facilities and qualified personnel necessary to produce technologically proficient and efficient students’ in developed countries of the world. Computer can aid the instructional process and facilitate students’ learning.

In Nigeria, secondary school teachers are using technology in the classroom more frequently than ever before. According to the National School Boards Association, students who are exposed to a high volume of technology perform as well as expected on standardized test, however technology can potentially do students a disservice if used inappropriately. When teaching using technology, instructors must be aware of the potential hindrances technology can bring to the learning process. Some of these negative effects of technology in today’s classroom are that it can take away valuable learning time, it can be overused, and it can also turn educational experiences into games for students.

Therefore, it is the intent of this study to identify the negative influences of Information Communication Technology on secondary schools and proffer possible solutions to this effects.

 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The proposed research framework of this study addresses social consequences of the deployment of ICTs, however this time among students and youths. According to Clarke (2010), the use of new technology in ways never originally envisaged has negative consequences for society. These negative social consequences arise through providing young children with new communications facilities without having a clear understanding of their needs for communication or their ability to deal with such new ICTs or communications channels, or how to encourage the positive usage and to discourage, or prevent usage leading to negative social consequences. Today’s ICTs are about to be replaced and surpassed by a new range of communication technological products and services. The next generation of ICT products and services will extend the power, reach, and universality of interworking and internetworking products. Pervasive and ubiquitous computing products, embedded and wearable communicating devices, and ad hoc networking technologies will bring a paradigm shift greater than that precipitated by the present ICTs such as the mobile phone, and also the complementary use of the internet and the mobile phone (Clarke, 2010). If these major problems and negative consequences, effects, and uses are not dealt with now, they will increase in a geometric progression that would outweigh the benefts of ICTs, thus a ecting development in the long run. To this e ect, this study investigates the negative use of ICTs and its implication on students, the education system, the community, and the nation.

    AIMS OF THE STUDY

The major purpose of this study is to examine the Negative Influence of ICT On The Academic Performance of Junior Secondary School Students. Other general objectives of the study are:

  1. To examine the ICT gadgets available to junior secondary schools in Port Harcourt.
  2. To examine the negative uses to which students put ICT gadgets at their disposal.
  3. To examine the negative influence of information technology on student’s academic performance in selected junior secondary schools in Port Harcourt.
  4. To examine the students beliefs about and attitudes toward the use of ICTs.
  5. To examine the relationship between information technology gadgets usage and students academic performance in Port-Harcourt
  6. To proffer possible solutions that will reduce the negative use and effect of Information Communication Technology among junior secondary student in Port Harcourt

     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.To examine the ICT gadgets available to junior secondary schools in Port Harcourt.

  1. To examine the negative uses to which students put ICT gadgets at their disposal.
  2. To examine the negative influence of information technology on student’s academic performance in selected junior secondary schools in Port Harcourt.
  3. To examine the students beliefs about and attitudes toward the use of ICTs.
  4. To examine the relationship between information technology gadgets usage and students academic performance.
  5. To proffer possible solutions that will reduce the negative use and effect of Information Communication Technology among junior secondary student in Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria.

 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES Hypothesis 1

H0: There is no significant negative influence of information technology on student’s academic performance.

H1: There is a significant negative influence of information technology on student’s academic performance

  SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study findings will be of immense importance in educating the parents, teachers and the students on the negative impact of these technologies on the lives of the children and students which in turn affect the country at large by reducing the academic standard  of  students  produced in the various institutions of learning within the country. The study shall therefore   serve as a reference for further research.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study is based on Negative Influence of ICT On The Academic Performance of Junior Secondary School Students

LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint– Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint– The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

   DEFINITION OF TERMS

Performance: Performance according to Microsoft Encarta dictionary, (2009) refers to working effectiveness: the way in which somebody does a job, judged by its effectiveness. Performance also means, “accomplishment of something: the act of carrying out or accomplishing something such as a task or action”. In this study, Academic performance refers to students SSCE, and NECO examinations outcome‟. While academic activities refers to students outside classes activities including extra lessons, tutorial, their attendance of library and their reading at home.

PURCHASE 6500

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