Non Governmental Organizations and the Promotion of Human Rights: A Study of amnesty international

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ABSTRACT

Man as an individual has the inviolable rights which are protected by numerous conventions, declarations, constitutions and laws. The role of human rights and freedoms are guaranteed rights and they reflect the role played by human and civil society. Human rights can not buy, earn or inherit, they are “inalienable” because no one has the right to confiscate any reason.

These rights are inherent to every human being, regardless of his race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, nationality, property status, status of birth etc.. Human rights is particularly important in the relationship between people and the state. They control and regulate the performance of the state government on individuals, are granted freedoms of individuals in relation to the state, and they are required by the state to meet the basic needs of the people within its jurisdiction.

Internationally these rights are best described in the international instruments agreed between states and that set standards in the field of human rights. The most famous such instrument is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in which are reflected the principles that have a strong influence in the world. The Declaration itself is not binding, but over the years it has become legally binding through international custom and practice, because they are used in many states constitutions and legal cases.

In today’s world that are more acts of violence, torture and turmoil, it is inevitable there is no legal protection of man and his rights. For this reason, despite the existence of the European Court of Human Rights, organized and formed a number of international and national organizations, with the sole purpose to protect universal human rights. One of the most influential and also the largest organization for the protection of human rights worldwide is Amnesty International.

It is a worldwide campaigning movement that works to promote and protect human rights around the world, which has been carefully kept by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international standards. Amnesty International is actually a global NGO, ie the movement of people who are fighting for the protection of human rights and their international recognition. The vision of this organization is to give support to each individual in order to be able to enjoy all the benefits and rights that are provided with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Amnesty International characteristic is that it works with and for the people through their organizing campaign to protect and promote human rights. She through her campaigns actually send messages to all governments and authorities to respect the rule of law and thus affect international relations.

INTRODUCTION

  Amnesty International is the largest international organization for the protection of the rights of man all over the world.It is a worldwide campaigning movement that works to promote all human rights, which has been carefully stored in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international standards. This organization is a movement of people who are fighting for human rights and for their international recognition.

 It has more than 2.2 million members, supporters and signatories in more than 150 countries and territories in every part of the world and an international NGO which is a non-partisan, independent and free of any government, political persuasion, economic interest or religion. Amnesty Internejshenel is a democratic and self-organization, which is funded mainly through membership fees paid by its members, voluntary contributions and donations from its worldwide membership.

Amnesty International was formed in London, England in 1961 by Peter Benson and turns his attention to the violations of human rights and campaigning for the protection of the same

In 1977, Amnesty International  was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her (against torture), and in 1978 received an award from the United Nations for human rights.Vision of the Amnesty International is a world in which every person enjoys all the human rights guaranteed with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Following his vision, the task of Amnesty International conducts research and shares ie organize campaigns aimed at prevention, protection and an end to human rights violations. Its members believe that the protection of human rights violations in the interest of all people throughout the world. So starting from the lawlessness and abuse of human rights and inspired by hope for a better world, they work to improve human

lives. Hence arises that Amnesty International advocates for the protection of human rights worldwide.

Amnesty International campaigns in the hope to help those who need support and protect. Working for and with people all over the world, she is fighting for every person to may enjoy all the rights guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human rights. It through its campaigns send messages to all governments and other powerful institutions to respect the principle of the rule of law.

SPHERE OF ACTION OF AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

The sphere of action of Amnesty International is clearly defined and refers to the protection of human rights around the world. Specifically this organization fights ie key areas of operations:

protection of women;

protection of children;

ending the torture and execution (barring any illegal torture people);

protection of prisoners of conscience (freedom of conscience and freedom of expression, and the release of all prisoners of conscience);

protection of refugees;

protection and overcoming the phenomen of human rights violations that are related to his physical and psychological integrity;

abolishing the death penalty, torture and other cruel treatment has held prisoners;

fair (fair and fast) trials tnr.politichkite prisoners

overcoming the phenomen of discrimination on any grounds: gender, race, religion, language, political opinion, national or social origin, and others.

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