PRINCIPALS LEADERSHIP STYLES AND ADMINISTRATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN JOS NORTH LGA

227

PRINCIPALS LEADERSHIP STYLES AND ADMINISTRATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN JOS NORTH LGA

ABSTRACT

The study entitled the Principals Leadership Styles And Administrative Effectiveness Of Secondary Schools In Jos North LGA has six objectives some of which are the assessment of the autocratic, transformational and situational leadership styles. Six research questions were asked in line with the objectives. Six null hypotheses were postulated some of which are that there is no significant difference in the opinions of respondents on the evaluation of the prevailing visionary leadership style in secondary schools in Jos North LGAand that there is no significant difference in the opinions of respondents on the prevailing charismatic leadership style in secondary schools in Jos North LGA Plateau State. For effective evaluation of the leadership styles of principals in the secondary schools, the researcher designed a structured questionnaire with related components for each of the identified leadership styles of Democratic, Autocratic, Transaction, Charismatic, Situational and Visionary attributes of principals. The questionnaire was validated through face validity and then pilot tested. The tested questionnaire was then administered to 200 respondents made up of 160 teachers, 35 principals, 5 Zonal Education Directors within the Jos North LGA selected through a stratified random sampling procedure. The data collected were analyzed with the Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS), IBM version 20. Statistical procedures adopted in the analysis of the data included simple frequencies and percentages, means and standard deviation and one way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Tests were conducted at the 0.05 probability level of significance. The research questionnaire was drawn based on likert scale of strongly agree, agree, undecided, disagree and strongly disagree. The bio-data was taken care of and the descriptive analysis was done to discuss as it affects the study. The null hypotheses were tested using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) at 0.05 significant level and all the six hypotheses were retained. From the findings some recommendations were made that principals should be encouraged through school inspectors to always alternate their leadership styles based on the prevailing circumstance and that the principals. There should also as much as possible discourage their use of autocratic leadership style in secondary schools of Plateau State.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page i
Declaration ii
Certification iii
Dedication iv
Acknowledgements v
Table of Contents vi
List of Tables ix
List of Appendices xi
Abstract xii
Operational Definition of Terms in this Study xiii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Study 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem 2
1.3 Objectives of the Study 3
1.4 Research Questions 4
1.5 Research Hypotheses 4
1.6 Basic Assumptions 5
1.7 Significance of the Study 6
1.8 Scope of the Study 6
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Introduction 8
2.2 Conceptual Framework 8
2.2.1 Concept of Leadership 9
2.2.2 Leadership Style 11
2.2.3 The Authoritarian or Autocratic Leadership Style 11
2.2.4 The Democratic Leadership Style 15
vii
2.2.5 The Transactional Leadership Style 20
2.2.6 Situational Leadership Style 22
2.2.7 Charismatic Leadership Style 23
2.2.8 Visionary Leadership Style 24
2.3 Theoretical Framework 24
2.3.1 Contingency Theories (1960‘s) 24
2.3.2 Leadership Styles by Kurt Lewin et al. 25
2.3.3 Theory on Visionary by Frances Westley and Henry Mintzberg (1989) 25
2.4 Qualities of a Successful Leader 25
2.5 The Importance of Leadership 27
2.6 The Leadership Studies Related to Head Teachers 30
2.7 Empirical Studies on Leadership Styles 32
2.8 Summary 34
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Introduction 36
3.2 Research Design 36
3.3 Population 36
3.4 Sample and Sampling Technique 37
3.5 Instrumentation 38
3.6 Validity of the instrument 39
3.7 Pilot Study 39
3.8 Reliability 40
3.9 Administration 40
3.10 Method of Data Analysis 41
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Introduction 42
4.2 Presentation of the respondents‘ demographic characteristics 42
4.3 Evaluation of leadership styles of principals‘ in the secondary schools 45
4.4 Test of hypotheses 77
viii
4.5 Summary of Tested Hypotheses 86
4.6 Summary of Major Findings 86
4.7 Discussion on Major Findings 87
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Introduction 91
5.2 Summary 91
5.3 Conclusion 92
5.4 Recommendations 93
5.5 Contribution to Knowledge 94
5.6 Suggestions for Further Research 94
References 95
Appendices 98
______________________________________

Contents