THE ANTI-NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITION OF OKRO SEEDS FLOUR

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THE ANTI-NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITION OF OKRO SEEDS FLOUR AT DIFFERENT STAGES OF MATURITY AT HARVEST WERE ANALYZED

ABSTRACT

The anti-nutritional composition of Okro seeds flour at different stages of maturity at harvest were analyzed. The Okro fruits were harvest at one and two, week’s maturity after fruity. They were de-husked prior to the determination of anti-nutritional composition. The results were statistically analyzed descriptively and correlatively at 95% confidence limit.  The tannin, saponine alkaloid, flavonoid, sterol and cyanides contents of the seeds increase with maturity. The increments were as follows: (1.49-278)%, (1.18-1.48)%, (0.95-1.25)%, (0.62-0.80)%, (0.80-0.4)%, (9.55-17.58)%

It was also revealed that, the cyanide content was the highest with (9.55-17.58)% while the sterol content was the least with (0.08-0.14)% in composition. However, phytate, oxalate, haemoglutnin, trysin inhibitor, reduced with the seed maturity which ranged from (0.76-0.59)%, (1.23-0.84)% (8.75-5.83) Hu/s and (634.25-379.59) Tu/s respectively. The anti-nutrients examined were high. This implied that before the matured Okro seeds could be used in food and animal feed formulation, it has to be subjected to those pre-processing operation that could help reduce the anti-nutritional composition level.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter one
Introduction.
Chapter two
2.0  literature review
2.1  taxonomy and origin of okra
Production and cropping systems of okra
2.3  potential of okra
  • Nutritional potential of okra.
 Chapter three
  • Materials and sample preparations
    • Raw materials collection
    • Sample preparation
    • Sample analysis
      • Alkaloid determination
      • Flavonoid determination
      • Determination of phytate
      • Determination of saponins
      • Sterol determination
      • Tannin dtermiantion
      • Trypsin inhibitor
 
Chapter four
Results and discussion
Chapter five
Conclusion
Recommendation
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