THE EFFECT OF MOTIVATION INCENTIVES ON EMPLOYEE MORALE IN AN ORGANIZATION
Background to the study
Employee morale is defined as the attitude, satisfaction and overall outlook of employees during their association with an organization or a business. An employee that is satisfied and motivated at workplace usually tend to have a higher morale than their counterparts. Employee engagement and employee satisfaction play an important role for employees to be happy in their workplace.Chukwu (2019)
On the contrary, employees who are not happy in their workplace because of inadequate motivations in terms of incentives tend to have a low employee morale. This is quite evident in their behavior. Umeh (2018).
Employee morale is a complex concept because it involves a lot of factors that affect their morale. Employee morale is vital to organization culture- a positive collective attitude will create a positive working environment for everyone. If an organization has a poor morale or a culture of suffering then there is a possibility that in your organization employees have a low or negative morale that can adversely affect the productivity of the organization. It can most certainly lead to greater employee attrition, just to begin with Christopher (2019).
Onuoha (2018) succinct put that Employee morale is determined by how employees view their work environment and their overall level of satisfaction in their workplace. Employee morale has a direct effect on employee retention. A disinterested or unhappy employee will not stay for long in an organization that he/she cannot rationalize their goals and progress with.
Employee recognition and reward however keeps workforce motivated. When a leader create an environment where good work is appreciated, employees feel empowered and take a personal interest in the tasks they are assigned to them.
The purpose of employee recognition should be to reinforce what an organization wants an employee to do more. When an employee performs well to make sure to applaud his/her hard work and achievements. This will bring confidence to them to align their personal goals with that of the organization’s goals.
Employee morale is not just the employee’s responsibility or attitude. It is a collective responsibility of the employees and the organization to provide a conducive working environment and a workplace culture that exudes positivity and goodwill. Work culture is because of the employees and they should know the importance of values and morale. To achieve the best, it is important to first be the best.
It is against this background that the study seek to investigate the effect of motivation incentives on employee morale in an organization