THE EFFECT OF WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICE ON WASTE DISPOSAL IN NIGERIA
The research provides a conceptual and theoretical study on the effect of waste management practice on waste disposal in Nigeria.it analyzes the concept of waste and waste management. It projects the challenges and prefers strategies for effective waste management in Nigeria. with a case study of (CUDA.)
The American Public Liquid Association in 1975 defined solid waste as unwanted and useless material with insufficient liquid content to be free flowing, because of its sticky nature, solid waste has the ability to accumulating and physically insulting and degrading the environment if not well managed. And is more conspicuous in the urban than rural areas and has been linked to such problems like demographic inconsistency and in continuity in sanitation policy and data availability. The increase in population as a result of industrial revolution in major towns and cities of the world have necessitated rapid growth or high rate of urbanization and development for instance; Nigeria cities in recent time have witnessed rapid population growth resulting from influx of migrants from rural area to the cities. This brings about the concentration of industrial, commercial, infrastructural, administration and government activities in urban centers. Thus, as the population of cities grows, the rate of waste generation also increases leading to increase burning of refuse (in the developing countries) and high rate of air pollution ,which increased concentration of green house gases that causes global warming and eventually Climate change. The volume of waste generated in any city is often reflection of the intensity of human activities such as population urbanization and social development, resources exploitation and unchecked technological advances. All these activities generated one form of waste or the other. And the volume of waste generated has also increased tremendously .the implication of this is that we have more waste to cope with.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have caused the temperature of the earth to rise by 0.6Cover the last 100 years. The ten (10) warmest years of the 20th century all occurred in the last 15 years of the century and 1998 was the warmest year on record (www.defra.gov.uk). Thermal expansion and glacier melting are causing sea level to rise, rises in sea level can increase the salinity of freshwater throughout the world ,and cause coastal lands to be washed under ocean exposing populations to increased risk of flooding, .patterns of precipitation are changing, with greater like hood of extreme events and more areas subject to water stress warmer water and increased humidity may encourage tropical cyclone, and changing wave patterns could produce more tidal waves and strong beach erosion on the coast. With consequences for agricultural production.
These changes to the environment will most likely. These changes to the environment will most likely cause negative impacts on society, such as, flooding, lower health and decreasing in socioeconomic development.
Developing countries like Nigeria are particularly at risk, because of her bad waste management system and unhealthy disposal practices. Global temperature will continue to increase causing further disruption to climate patterns. Ultimately, all this can only be brought under control by engaging in sustainable waste management practices, and stabilizing greenhouse gases concentrations in the atmosphere. Therefore the research intends to investigate the effect of management practice on waste disposal in Nigeria.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The problem confronting this research is to appraise the effect of waste management practice in Nigeria. The increase in population, industrial, commercial, technological and economic activities has resulted in the growth of volume of waste and its effect in our environment, therefore the formulation and implementation of effective strategy is imperative for the management of waste disposal in Nigeria (A case study of CUDA).
1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1. What constitute solid waste?
2. What is the effect of solid waste in the environment?
3. What constitute the strategy for effective waste management practice?
4. What constitute the management practice of CUDA for effective waste management practice?
1.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
1. To appraise the nature of solid waste in the environment
2. To determine the effect of solid waste on the environment
3. To appraise the strategy for effective waste management practice
4. To determine the management practice of CUDA for effective waste management
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
1. The study shall provide a structural study on solid waste
2. It shall investigate the effect of solid waste on the environment
3. The study shall analyze strategies for effective waste management practice
4. It shall provide a reference source of information for environmental experts.
1.6 STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS
1. H0. The volume of solid waste in the environment is low
H1 The volume of solid waste in the environment is high
2. H0 The effect of solid waste on the environment is low
H1 The effect of solid waste on the environment is high
3. H0 The impact of CUDA waste management practice on solid waste management is low
H1 The impact of CUDA waste management practice on solid waste management is high
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study is focused on the effect of waste management practice on waste disposal in Nigeria, with a case study of CUDA
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
SOLID WASTE DEFINED
The American Public Liquid Association in 1975 defined solid waste as unwanted and useless material with insufficient liquid content to be free flowing, because of its sticky nature, solid waste has the ability to accumulating and physically insulting and degrading the environment if not well managed.