E-learning (EL) is primarily the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) at websites, personal computers (PCs), tablet PCs, mobile phones, learning management systems (LMS), televisions (TVs), radios, and other techniques to improve teaching and learning processes. Many facets of the internet, online education, and technical breakthroughs are referred to together as “e-learning” (Oye, Salleh and Iahad, 2010). E-learning is considerably changing into a learning technique in the domains of teaching, experiential learning, skills training and development, and many corporate processes, as demonstrated by the quick growth of web technology.
Most secondary schools in Lagos State are under the control of the government. Other schools are operated by universities, advocacy groups, religious institutions, and immigrant communities. The majority of secondary schools in Nigeria provide junior and senior secondary curricula. Prior to the turn of the century, secondary school students did not have the same awareness of information and communication technology and its many advantages as we have today. The usage of chalk and board, graphical charts, drawings, and imagination facilitated learning activities back then. We did not physically engage with the technology that has subsequently developed to improve our understanding and experiences.
The use of more interactive e-learning approaches in junior secondary schools has significantly improved recently, effectively enhancing the general performance of college students and their trained personnel. In developed nations, many academic institutions use highly interactive online learning that directly improves student achievement (Soleymanpour, Khalkhali and Reayatkoonandeh, 2010). All physical obstacles to learning have been removed thanks to recent technology developments, which enable students to study whenever they want and wherever they are without having to interact with their teachers in person. Given this, e-learning makes it easy for students to access effective teaching and learning, which improves their academic achievement.
Heeger (2010) claims that e-learning enables mass enrollment in relevant courses for secondary school students. Modern educational systems have evolved to value acceptable instructions as well as students’ learning. E-learning systems offer instructional strategies intended to improve instruction quality and students’ academic achievement, according to study findings. Soleymanpour, Khalkhali, and Reayatkoonandeh (2010) found that students who attend private secondary schools that have successfully used e-learning regularly outperform their peers who place a high value on in-person interactions and physical ties with their professors.
Heeger’s (2010) study shows that students in secondary schools who frequently participate in online or e-learning achieve much higher levels than students in secondary schools who studied traditional methods. Due to advancements in educational technology, e-learning is now garnering a lot of attention in the field of education, and as a consequence, many educational institutions are looking into implementing electronic learning programs. As a consequence, e-learning is currently being used increasingly often in both public and private educational institutions all over the world. Now that e-learning has an impact on students’ academic achievement, the majority of these educational institutions are aware of this.
Information and communication technology is already used in many different learning techniques, including e-learning, blended learning, and remote learning (ICT). For instance, the use of ICT may benefit students in distant areas by enabling them to attend classes remotely and motivating them to learn. In this sense, the potential of e-learning is highly exciting, but owing to the disparities between developed and developing countries, information transfer is not only difficult but also costly. While there is a lot of interest in it, there isn’t much systematic study on how successful e-learning is as a learning tool overall. Yet, a number of e-learning programs focused at promoting sustainable development have been created, demonstrating how e-learning has the capacity to influence millions of people’s thoughts and bring about positive change.
Case studies reveal that numerous e-learning programs are presently offered in developing countries. These programs were created by a number of national and international efforts. According to Lockwood & Gooley, 2002, the growth of e-learning programs is being driven by the need for and potential for providing education in more economical ways, as well as improved access to information, effective learning, and greater flexibility.