The impact of social distancing and frequent hand washing in reducing the spread of corona virus disease in Nigeria

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introduction

COVID-19 has already spread to almost every country in the world, including the arctic. The impact on human health has been severe, with an increasing number of fatalities. With the spread comes economic hardship due to the preventive strategies adopted. Movement restrictions imposed in Nigeria as a result of the outbreak have generated controversies among the poor masses that depend on daily hustles to fend for themselves and their families. Nigeria being a very populous country with a high number of low-income earners who depend on their daily efforts to get food for their families, control measures like the movement restrictions and closure of business premises would have a devastating impact on them. Although the government has responded with some palliative measures, it is evident that these interventions may not be sufficient, mainly due to potential malpractices that will end up denying many supposed beneficiaries.

According to the WHO COVID-19, situation report-133, as of 1 June 2020, a total of 6 057 853 confirmed cases of COVID-19, including 371 166 deaths has been reported globally [1]. Many African countries, including Nigeria, are seriously battling with the disease amidst lack of resources, lack of technical expertise, high population density and lack of proper awareness. The first case of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Nigeria was confirmed on the 27 of February 2020. However, as of 2 June 2020, the Nigerian Centre has reported a total of 10 162 confirmed cases with 287 deaths across the 35 states of the federation and the federal capital territory

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