The Influence of Facebook on Interpersonal Communication Among Secondary School Students

The Influence of Facebook on Interpersonal Communication Among Secondary School Students

Background of the Study

Background of the Study section compromises the following sub-sections: Communication, Inter-personal Communication, Social Network Sites, and Facebook.


Communication, which has an inter-disciplinary importance, is a fundamental concept in peoples’ lives.

Communication is one those human activities that everyone recognizes but few can define satisfactorily. Communication is talking to one another, it is television, it is spreading information, it is our hair style, and it is literary criticism: it is endless (Fiske, 1990, p.1)

Inter-personal Communication

Interpersonal communication takes place between two or more people who know each other or are willing to communicate with each other. People, who have benefits from each other, can communicate via telephone, internet, and face to face. In fact, the most important one is interpersonal communication which takes place among people. According to Güngör (2011) for interpersonal communication to take place, a minimum number of two and a maximum number of five people must participate. This is a prerequisite for interpersonal communication.

According to Hartley, interpersonal communication is examined under the discipline of communication. Inter-personal communication;

  • “requires a high degree of confidence,
  • prepares each person to discuss openly about their feelings and personal history,
    • creates a genuine and mutual liking and interest between participants.” (Trans.: Sevük. T., Hartley; 2010, p.42).

Social Network Sites

SNS are web-based services and permit people to build their profiles. Profiles can be built as public or semi-public within the reserved system. Also, SNS announce other users’ lists, which join in a mutual connection. Also, users can catch and reach their

own connections’ lists that were built by others who are within the system. This process can be different from site to site (boyd & Ellison 2007).


Facebook was founded in 2004 under the name of The Facebook by Mark Zuckenberg and his friends, Andrew McCollum and Eduardo Saver from Harvard University. In a very short time, more than half of the students studying at Harvard University became members of Facebook. A total number of four hundred and fifty people and approximately twenty two thousand photographs and visuals were uploaded. The aim here was to introduce Facebook and its functions to the students at Harvard University. Two months following its establishment, Facebook was used by the schools around Boston and all Ivy League schools ( Within two years, all schools in the United States began to use Facebook. “With increasing usage of Facebook among schools, Facebook reached one million users by December 2004” (Trans.: Sevük, T., Toprak & Others, 2009, p.37).

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