The role of parents play in the effective performance of children in primary school


The right to receive an education is not only an essential step on the path to achieving other fundamental human rights, but it is also an essential human right in and of itself.



As a result of this, the government of Nigeria has been putting a lot of effort into implementing a variety of different educational reforms in order to increase educational accessibility as well as fairness and equality. It is a tenet that is universally acknowledged that parental involvement in the educational activities taking place at their children’s schools makes a significant contribution to those institutions. Examples of the many forms that this type of parental involvement can take include the provision of a safe and stable environment, intellectual stimulation, discussion between the parent and child, positive models of constructive social and educational values, and high aspirations relating to personal fulfillment and good citizenship. Other examples include interacting with educational institutions.



to take part in the sharing of information, the activities and events hosted by the school, the activities and events performed by the school, the activities and work performed by the school, and the administration of the school (Desforges & Abouchaar, 2003). These studies explain how parental participation as a form of parenting works by describing how it influences a child in a roundabout way by fostering the development of a child’s self-concept as a learner and by defining the child’s aspirations. For this kind of study, it is necessary to carry out investigations on a local level in order to define the applicability of the various factors and the differences between them.



It is impossible to place an adequate amount of emphasis on the significance of parental participation in the numerous activities that take place in schools in Nigeria because there are so many of them. According to Twaweza (2013), parental participation encompasses a wide variety of activities, one of which is the creation of an environment at home that encourages learning and the expression of high expectations for the accomplishments and future occupations of one’s children. Moreover, Twaweza (2013) states that one of the most important aspects of parental involvement is setting a positive example for one’s children. It is essential for this reason that the influence of parents’ participation in their children’s academic success in Nigerian public primary schools be investigated via the present research. This research will be carried out in Nigeria.



It is now possible to develop closer ties between the home and the school, which has led to increased attendance at school as well as higher academic achievement. This is a direct result of the increased accessibility of technology. Schools have transitioned away from a policy of restricted professionalism and toward a policy of open debate on the actual involvement of parents in their children’s education (Bridgemohan, 2002). Numerous studies have been conducted to investigate the positive impact that parental involvement has on the academic performance of children. It has also been demonstrated that increased parental participation in children’s learning at a young age has a positive effect on the child’s school performance, including improved academic accomplishment. This has been shown to be the case (Gadsden, 2003). According to the findings of study that Harderves conducted in 1998, families with children who are successful in school tend to display qualities such as the following: in order to establish a consistent pattern of activities for the family by




maintaining a warm and supportive home; showing interest in children’s progress at school; helping him or her with homework; providing time and a quiet place to study with the children and assigning responsibility for house hold chores; to monitor out-of-school activities, such as setting limits on television watching; reducing the amount of time spent playing; monitoring the groups of friends the pupils walk with; and encouraging children’s development and progress in school by doing so; encouraging children’s development and progress in school includes maintaining a warm and supportive to keep an eye on activities that take place outside of school; to foster the growth and development of youngsters


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