THE OPPRESSIONS FACED BY BLACK WOMEN CHARACTERS IN TONI MORRISON’S THE BLUEST EYE

88

ABSTRACT

Woman with oppressions are the social phenomena and problem that are linked together whose existences are often heard and seen both in the real life and literary work. Nowadays, women oppressions become the important issue discussed by most of women because it is acknowledged that in our society there is the structure of oppression whereas women become the object of oppression. Women are oppressed because men and most women too consider that women are as weak creatures. In other words, men become the powerful creatures who have more privilege than women.
Men can control women, that is known as patriarchy system.
Basically, both White and Black women receive the same oppression because of the image given to them, women are weak creature. Meanwhile, Black women have a slight different between them. Black women receive double oppression. Black women are not only receiving unequal privileged or disadvantages experiences caused by their gender but also by their race and class. As portrayed in Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye, Black women are oppressed which is not only caused by their natural as a women but also by their differential color of skin and their class. Thus, the researcher is interested in studying women oppression which is focused on Black women in The Bluest Eye. Meanwhile, this study is aimed at finding the kinds of oppressions and the response of Black women from those oppressions.
To achieve the above objectives of the study, the researcher applies a feminist literary criticism which insists on linking the novel with the women oppression. So that, this study is involved in literary criticism because of its emphasis on the analysis of a literary work. The primary data of this study are collected from Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye. About the theory of feminism and its elements, researcher herself becomes the research instrument in the process of data collection and data analysis.
Based on the researcher’s analysis, the oppression faced by Black women portrayed in the novel shows four kinds of oppressions, namely social deprivation, physical, cultural, and psychological oppression. Then, there are three responses of women while facing the oppressions. Those are receiving, imitating, and rejecting the oppressions.
So that, from this study, the researcher hopes there will be other researchers who concern to this study about women whereas mostly women become the victim of oppression not only in the real life but also in literary work. Moreover, the researcher also expects, through this study, she could awaken the readers to defend the equality of women’s rights by showing the women’s oppressions. Hopefully, women will realize that women need to defend the equality with men in order not be an oppression object by patriarchy system.

  • CONTAINING TABLES
  • CHAPTER ONE
  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • L2 Problems of the Study
  • 1.3 Objectives of the Study
  • 1.4 Scope and Limitation of the Study
  • 1.5 Significant of the Study
  • 1.6 Definition of the Study
  • CHAPTER TWO/REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
  • 2.1Feminist Literary Criticism
  • 2.2Women Oppression
  • 23 Kinds of Oppression
  • 2.3.1 Social Deprivation
  • Psychological Oppression
  • Cultural Oppression
  • Psychological Oppression
  • Response of Oppression
  • Acceptance Response
  • Imitation Response
  • Rejection Response
  • Previous Study
  • CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHOD
  • Research Design
  • Data Sources
  • Research Instrument
  • Data Collection
  • Data Analysis
  • CHAPTER IV ANALYSIS
  • The Oppressions of Black Women Characters
  • Pauline’s Oppression
  • Pecola’s Oppression
  • Claudia’s Oppression
  • Frieda’s Oppression
  • The Response of Black Women’s Upon Oppression They Experience
  • Pauline’s Response
  • Pecola’s Respons
  • Pecola’s Response
  • Claudia’s Response
  • Frieda’s Response
  • CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION
  • Conclusion
  • Suggestion
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • APPENDIXES CURICULUM VITAE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Criticism is a common act of criticizing in academic communities in order to understand what they study. There are a lot of students in universities, especially for the students of letters conducting an act of criticizing as their academic requirement and trains their thinking and sensitivity in understanding the phenomenon and development on literary study, as it is cited by Lodge in his Modern Criticism and Theory (2000:xi). In understanding the literary works, the students will know the meaning, the worthiness, the values and the sense of the literary works itself.
Further, criticizing the literary work is also one way how to appreciate the literary text, as Lodge (2000: xi) adds his explanation about the aims of criticizing literary work. By criticizing, the student will reveal the meaning and aesthetic values of literary work and admit that literary works are the product of human’s thought that most of the ideas have to be appreciated. Besides, literary works are taken from the people’s experiences and imaginations that the students can take the lesson from the
author’s works which is implicitly and explicitly applies a message through their works. So that, by doing criticism the students will know how the aesthetics values are important to be appreciated.

Moreover, conducting criticism in literary is aimed at increasing the theory or approach in literary criticism itself in order to answer the developing question about literature in our era. Here, the increase of theories and approaches that are offered in

appreciate the literary works but also to increase the theory itself, as Lodge states in his Modern Criticism and Theory (2002: xi), by analyzing, interpreting, and evaluating literary work.
Related to this study, the researcher tries to use feminist criticism approach and theory in order to reveal the oppressions received by Black women in Toni Morrison The Bluest Eye. Feminist literary criticism is used because it is an appropriate approach and theory to understand the relation between literary work and women’s oppression in literary work. As it is cited by Peck & Coyle (1986:151-153) that feminist criticism admits the relation which is applied sex discrimination and suppression on women in literary work.
Meanwhile, feminist literary criticism has many genre that appears in literary work, such as liberal feminism, marxist feminism, psychoanalysis feminism, existentialist feminist, black feminism and many else. Eventhough there are many genre of feminism, there is the same aim. The aim is to struggle women right and their equality with women. literary criticism help the students be able to answer the recent questions in literary which are intertwined with social condition at the time the author wrote the literary work. So that, in line with this study, the aims are not merely to understand and Discussing about Black women oppression, basically, Black and White women receive the same oppressions that are done by man socially, physiologically, culturally, and psychologically. As it is cited by Bell Hooks that Black women as well as other groups of women are in oppressive situation that acquire an awareness of patriarchal politics from their life experience (http://hsph. harvad.edu/organizations/heathnet/ WoC/ feminisms /hooks.html).

THE OPPRESSIONS FACED BY BLACK WOMEN CHARACTERS IN TONI MORRISON’S THE BLUEST EYE
Photos credit Projectstore.com.ng ; Toni Morrison

______________________________________