Only when caregivers are well informed on diarrhoeal therapeutic techniques can diarrhoea be managed effectively at home (Uchendu et al., 2007). Hence, proper home management is required as a first line of defense prior to seeking professional treatment, and caregivers must have the capacity to handle children with diarrhea at home.
According to Uchendu’s research in Nigeria, the technique of preparing and administering rehydration fluids for diarrhoeal care at home was woefully insufficient (Uchendu et al., 2007). Bhutta and colleagues discovered that in West Africa, parents who were unfamiliar with how to handle sick children at home did not provide oral rehydration solution during a bout of diarrhea (Bhutta et al., 2000). This demonstrates how information may determine the most effective therapy of diarrhea. So, the purpose of this research was to determine if awareness of the warning symptoms of dehydration may affect the way diarrhea is managed at home.
Just 27.5% of people in a rural Kenyan community who claimed knowing about oral rehydration solution reported having a package of it at home, according to Jamison et al(2008) .’s research. This indicates a knowledge-practice gap in the administration of oral rehydration solution to treat diarrhea by caregivers.
Dehydration and improper treatment of the ailment by the main caregivers at home account for the majority of diarrhea-related fatalities. Due to incorrect treatment and a misguided management strategy, diarrhea might be fatal. Severe dehydration might be caused by a high level of management dysfunction. There is currently limited published research on maternity associated practices in Kisumu County as research on diarrheal occurrences and caregivers home management techniques has typically decreased. In order to improve the care of children with diarrhea in the West Seme area of Kenya and across the country as a whole, the research set out to explore the state of knowledge surrounding the home management practices of caregivers in West Seme with respect to treatment of childhood diarrhoea.
A study conducted in Philadelphia (Yoder and Mommick et al., 1997) revealed that the majority of caregivers for children with diarrhea provided some form of treatment, but their decisions were influenced by the severity of the episode, indicating that the perception of the care-givers regarding the severity of a diarrhoea episode is an important consideration in the choice of treatment. Microbial agents that cause diarrhea are often spread via contaminated food and drink. In another research, conventional therapy seeking was substantially correlated with mother education and perceived severity. The likelihood of seeking conventional therapy was 2.5 times higher for carers with no formal education than for those with formal education, demonstrating that perception of the caregiver affects the decision to act during diarrhea (Tizito, 2014).
A study conducted in Tanzania in 2010 revealed a high prevalence of diarrhea, which was evidenced by the fact that nearly all of the respondents had experienced diarrhea, which they perceived as a normal condition for growth and that there were significant knowledge gaps regarding the causes of diarrhoea (Mwambete et al., 2010). Since they are culturally inappropriate and often constructed without understanding the issue of the target community, many intervention initiatives that try to decrease childhood diarrhea fail. Understanding caregivers’ perspectives need to be a top focus for accomplishment. The impact of understanding the severity of diarrhea on home management of diarrhea was not covered by the research mentioned above. This demonstrated the knowledge gap that the research aimed to solve. As no such research have been published in Seme Sub-County, this study aimed to address that gap.