Impact of globalization and political socialization of Youths in Nigeria

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Impact of globalization and political socialization of Youths in the contemporary modern time. A study of Nigeria

Chapter one/Introduction

Political socialization has been defined as “the long developmental process by which an infant (even an adult) citizen learns, imbibes and indeed internalizes the political culture (core political values, beliefs, norms and ideology) of his political system so as to make meaning of the world around him (Ofoeze, 2001:13). The implication is that political socialization is “the process of induction into a political system” (Marshall, 1996:400). Thus, the enduring norms, values, beliefs and attitudes that are supportive of the political power system and which are transmitted from one generation to the other is referred to as the political culture. One of the most important agencies of political socialization is the political party. Apart from carrying on the vital function of political socialization, the political parties also perform such functions like interest articulation, interest aggregation, building political culture, political education, and political leadership recruitment, among many other latent functions.

The globalization process of political socialization in Nigeria is an offshoot of internet communication technology. Globalization involves economic integration; the transfer of policies across borders; the transmission of knowledge; cultural stability; the reproduction, relations, discourse of power; a global process, a concept; a revolution and an establishment of the global market free from sociopolitical control. It has helped to liberalize national economics by creating a global market place in which all the nations must participate directly. The existence of global markets leads to growing activities and international investments in different countries.

The speed at which the effect of globalization is spreading is fast day-by-day and no nation can afford to be behind if such a nation is to maintain acceptance rate of growth and development. It also observed that the growing impact of two major distinct global trends, which has profound implication on the world economy, are rapid growth of information technology and the increased global trade integration (Dani. 1999). At present, information technology has advanced to a level of rendering distance irrelevant because one can stay in Nigeria and communicate to any part of the world, using telephone or Internet services

The activities in the global economy for over five years show a challenge in the utilization of the opportunities engineered by globalization, while at the same time managing the problem and tension it poses. As some authors support and identify the opportunities of globalization, others express fear about globalization. It was because of fear anticipated by the people of the world that the world Treaty organization held a meeting in December, 1999 at Seattle, U.S.A, which was interrupted by riot (Garry, 1998). The demonstrators feared there could be negative effects of globalization on the people and the economic growth. This article concentrates on the examination of the effects of globalization on the Nigerian Youths and the economy. It identified the positive and negative effects of globalization on the public and Youths in particular.

Statement of the Problem

Objectives of the study

Scope of the Study

The scope of this study is on the impact of globalization and political socialization of Youths in Nigeria. The study location is Nigeria only.

 

Limitations of the study

The following were the limitations of the study

1.Some respondents who were not willing to provide full information for fear of being reprimanded by their managers for giving out information that they consider confidential. However the researcher assured the respondents of the confidentiality of the information that they would provide and will sough authority from the management to undertake research.

2.Access to accurate information due to respondents’ divided attention to questionnaires, desire to safeguard the reputation of the organisation thus hindering information dispatch. Legal and ethical requirements when dealing with respondents hindered cooperation from the respondents; this was mitigated through timely familiarization with the respondents and creating a friendly environment of trust and mutual benefit.

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