Impact of Teachers’ Quality on Students’ Academic Performance in Secondary Schools

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Impact of Teachers’ Quality on Students’ Academic Performance in Secondary Schools

INTRODUCTION

Education is a continuous process in life. It is the process of training and developing the knowledge, skill, mind and character of people. It is also the process by which the latent abilities of individuals are developed so that they may be useful to themselves and the society. The importance of teachers and the roles they play in the educative process are central to basic education. Teachers undoubtedly remain the managers of knowledge. Therefore, teacher education in Nigeria is, and should be, the foundation of quality and relevance of education at all levels. A teacher is therefore viewed as a trained individual who uses his knowledge, skills and expertise to erupt behavioural change in the learners. He uses his knowledge of child psychology to redirect the perception, competence, knowledge, and skills of the learners to a positive learning behaviour that is desirable and accepted in the society. Teachers are crucial inputs of educational system. The real growth indicators with teaching profession are well trained and experienced teachers. The teacher is therefore an all importance single factor in the process of the teaching and learning. Since no education system can rise above the quality of its teachers, an educator must first be educated and trained. It is 3 africanscholarpublications@gmail.com 2020 not surprising, therefore, that there is widespread interest in developing a functional and more workable fit between teacher-training programme and the complexities and demands of teaching. In addition, Adedoyin (2011) in a study found that teachers’ training had significant relationship on students’ academic performance. Secondary education is a very critical level of any educational system. This is because it is the bedrock on which higher education is built, as the foundation of whatever a child wants to become in life academically is laid here. Therefore, those saddled with the responsibility of imparting knowledge at this level of education system must possess certain qualities. One of the most important qualities for a teacher to have is knowledge. A good teacher should understand the central concepts and have an understanding of the subject that he teaches and be able to demonstrate vast knowledge of the subject matter. Knowledge enables teachers to approach head-on the topics at hand and bring their talents to bear. Even among the international community, there is an assumed meaning of the term teacher quality. Few have attempted to define its meaning. While some view teacher quality as comprising the training and the attributes of the teacher, others take a more holistic view. The latter group considers teacher quality as including the training and continuous professional development of the teacher, student outcomes, the working environment in which the teacher operates including learning resources, and other support the teacher receives including school management and leadership, and teacher remuneration. While there may be debates about the term, there are some areas of agreement about what constitutes teacher quality and what makes for effective classroom practice as will be further discussed.

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