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Analysis of effects of social amd environmental hazards on agricultural productivity.

Analysis of effects of social amd environmental hazards on agricultural productivity.

The Role of Courts in Arbitration under the Arbitration and Conciliation Act (2014)

The Role of Courts in Arbitration under the Arbitration and Conciliation Act (2014)

ABSTRACT

In the art of sophisticated dispute resolution the strategic fusion of the available means of dispute resolution is indispensable, it will be naïve to think otherwise. The various issues with regards the high litigation rates and expensive access to justice are a problem for policymakers and a nightmare for litigants and this has made people opt for an alternative means to dispute resolution. As arbitration grew worldwide, it began to gain the preference of most businessmen in Nigeria as a way of settling their dispute and the attitude of the courts began to change to a positive one towards arbitration. An attempt at a strategic fusion of arbitration and litigation to resolve disputes has been reiterated by the court in a plethora of cases. This essay examines the role the courts have played and continue to play a supportive role in ensuring that arbitration process in Nigeria is strengthened and empowered to perform its role in dispute resolution. It clarifies the functions of the court stipulated by the law on arbitration to deal with arbitration matters and the doctrinal bedrock of the functions and constraints on the tribunal and court in arbitral proceedings. This essay recommends the amendment of the Act in order to incorporate some emerging trends in other jurisdictions and the expansion of arbitral powers to enable the arbitral tribunal better deliver justice to the arbitral parties with confidence.

Assessing the relevance of pre implementation involvement of HIM professional in EHRs

Assessing the relevance of pre implementation involvement of HIM professional in EHRs

Influence of massmedia on flow of communication during end sars protest

Influence of massmedia on flow of communication during end sars protest

AUDIT AS A TOOL FOR PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF FRAUD IN NIGERIA

AUDIT AS A TOOL FOR PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF FRAUD IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

Audit: An audit of financial statement is an exercise whose objective is to enable auditor express an opinion on the account presented by management at the end of the years on whether on his opinion the account show true and fair view or otherwise.

 Internal control is the whole system of control, financial and other wise established by government to evaluate and checkmate the activities of the organization at every point in time.

For effective research work the researcher made use of secondary and primary data ,The primary sources of information include response from the respondents through the use of personal interview and questionnaire .the main objective of this research work is  To identify the causes of fraud in public parastatals  And To examine how audit could help in the prevention and control of fraud.

 

THE EFFECT OF COVID 19 ON GLOBALIZATION A STUDY OF THE HEALTH SECTOR

THE EFFECT OF COVID 19 ON GLOBALIZATION A STUDY OF THE HEALTH SECTOR

CHAPTER ONE/INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

 

Globalization has emerged as a means to ensure economic and cultural growth of individuals. The rise in urbanization and the closer integration of the world economy has facilitated global interconnectedness . Yet, trade and travel, essential components of globalization, are significant contributors to the spread of infectious diseases. Historically, pandemics have been observed throughout the history of human movement and communication.

The novel Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), first identified in Wuhan China in December 2019, has rapidly spread to almost every region of the world. The disease is caused by a new and severe type of Coronavirus known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS- CoV-2). The infection has no immediate treatment and vaccine, and it has according to World Health Organization (WHO, 2020) become a worldwide pandemic causing significant morbidity and mortality. There are 1,603,428 confirmed cases, 356,440 recoveries from the illness and 95,714 deaths worldwide as of April 9, 2020 (Worldometers, 2020). On February 27, 2020, an Italian citizen became the index case for COVID-19 in Nigeria and as at April 9, 2020, there were 288 laboratory-confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Nigeria with 51 discharges and 7 deaths (Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, NCDC, 2020).

To prevent further spread of the virus, civil societies and government agencies embarked on enlightenment campaigns for good hygiene and social distancing. Temperature screening was conducted at airports and those returning from countries with numerous confirmed cases of COVID-19 were implored to self-isolate. The NCDC in association with State governments also began tracing and tracking of possible victims and their contacts. On March 18, 2020, the Lagos State government suspended all gatherings above fifty people for four weeks and ordered all lower and middle level public officers to stay-at-home (Ewodage, 2020). Similarly, the Federal government, on March 30, 2020 introduced various containment strategies such as closing of the national borders and airspace, schools, worship centers and other public places, canceling of mass gathering events and placing the Federal Capital Territory, Lagos and Ogun states on lock down for an initial period of fourteen days (Radio Nigeria, 2020). Covid-19 testing laboratories were set up in Lagos, Abuja and Irrua in Edo State while State governments opened isolation centres and imposed dawn to dust curfews in their territories.

COVID-19, from the family of Coronavirus (others include SARS, H5N1, H1N1 and MERS), is a contagious respiratory illness transmitted through the eyes, nose, and mouth, via droplets from coughs and sneezes, close contact with infected person and contaminated surfaces. It has an incubation period of approximately one to fourteen days. The symptoms include cough, fever and shortness of breath, and it is diagnosed through a laboratory test. The contagion could lead to severe respiratory problems or death, particularly among the elderly and persons with underlying chronic illnesses. Some infected persons however, are carriers for the virus with no symptoms while others may experience only a mild illness and recover easily (Sauer, 2020). As there is currently no cure or vaccine for the COVID-19; medical treatments are limited to supportive measures aimed at relieving symptoms, use of research drugs and therapeutics.

Knowledge of infection pathways and relevant precautions to take is needed to control the pandemic. While the scientific community continues to research possible vaccines or drugs for the viral infection, it is expected that adequate knowledge will motivate individuals to make decisions which may prevent and curb the epidemics. Knowledge such as regular hand washing, using hand sanitizers, wearing face masks, respiratory etiquettes, social distancing and self- isolation when sick are vital to reducing widespread infection (Leppin & Aro, 2009). Studies (e.g. Brug, Aro, Oenema, de Zwart, Richardus & Bishop, 2004; Choi & Yang, 2010; Hussain, Hussain & Hussain 2012) revealed that individuals’ level of knowledge about an infectious disease can make them behave in ways that may prevent infection. Consequently, individuals may need to be informed about the potential risks of infections in order to adopt the right precautionary measures (Brug, Aro & Richardus, 2009).

At early stages of a pandemic, precautionary measures are needed to protect against possible danger and curtail the disease spread. In line with this therefore, the Nigerian government (just like other governments around the world) introduced various containment strategies which have interfered with individuals’ daily lives and have led to severe economic loss and social disruption. People were coerced to stay at home, businesses and offices were closed, exempting healthcare facilities/workers and ―essential‖ commercial establishments. For Nigerians making a living in the informal economy, their livelihood is now threatened by the lockdown since much of their activities and businesses involve face-to-face contact. In Nigeria there is no social safety net, no access to food stamps or unemployment benefits, most people earn their living on a daily basis. Regardless of this however, there has so far been a high degree of compliance with the government directives, Nigerians are engaging in vigilant hand washing, practicing social distancing and self-isolation, and avoiding going to work, school or crowded areas. Even most religious leaders agreed to stop large gatherings, forbid the shaking of hands and directed church members to pray at home and use hand sanitizers (Makinde, Nwogu, Ajaja & Alagbe, 2020; Olatunji, 2020).

On the other hand, some Nigerians due to superstitions and ignorance of the science behind the infection prefer only to pray (even violating the social distancing rule by attending churches or mosques during the lockdown) and use anointing oils, talisman, herbs or rituals (Abati, 2020) to prevent contracting and spreading the virus. Some also use social media platforms (e.g. Whatsapp, Twitter, Facebook and Instagram) to spread fear, project fake news concerning the source of the virus, promote prejudice against China, incite panic buying, proffer fake cures and undermine medical advice, deliberately or ignorantly (Hassan, 2020). They opined that lockdown, self-isolation and social distancing are un-African solutions to the pandemic (Abati, 2020).

Given the importance of knowledge of precautionary activities in curbing the spread of infectious diseases such as the novel COVID-19, it is important to research on people’s health knowledge at this period of the pandemic. Richards (2017) reported that knowledge among ordinary people about how to eliminate risks of contracting Ebola virus led to a rapid drop in mid-2015 in the number of cases of infection. Therefore, in this study, we hope to ascertain the effect of Covid 19 on globalization a study of the health sector

Statement of the Problem

Once again, the world is currently experiencing a global viral COVID-19 pandemic. As of March 26, 2020 confirmed cases of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has been reported to be 478,446 and 21,524 deaths had been reported in more than 30 countries of the world. The majority of cases as at the time of writing have been from China which is closely followed by Italy, US, UK, Germany and Spain. Most countries in the world have made efforts to halt transmission through shutting down transport, quarantining entire cities, regular washing of the hand with soap and sanitizer and enforcing the use of face masks. International flights have been cancelled in Nigeria and other African nations have been following suites and affected cruise ships quarantined. This has been having effects on the economy of the world.

The effects of COVID-19 pandemic outbreak to the economy of the world will surely be discussed in its aftermath. The initial response in China to contain the virus has been applauded by WHO and considered much improved compared with its response to the 2003 SARS-CoV epidemic. Internationally, we have seen rapid generation and sharing of knowledge to the benefit of the outbreak response, but also counterproductive actions by some countries, including limiting trade and shutting of borders, to its detriment. With the increasing frequency of zoonotic spillovers leading to human infections and transmission, it is apparent that pandemic preparedness has become a priority for the global health agenda. It is on this claim that this study aims to examine the attitude, knowledge and perception

Objectives of the Study

  1. To examine the Knowledge of health workers about the COVID-19 Pandemic.
  2. To examine the Knowledge of Clinical Presentation of COVID-19, Mode of Prevention of
  3. Spread of the Disease and Treatment Outcome
  4. To analyze the threat and Fear of Healthcare Workers globally as regards to Covid-19.
  5. To examine how to encourage HealthCare Workers Allay their fears

Research Questions

  1. what are the Knowledge of health workers  about the COVID-19 Pandemic?
  2. What are the Knowledge of Clinical Presentation of COVID-19, Mode of Prevention of
  3. Spread of the Disease and Treatment Outcome?
  4. What are the threat and Fear of Healthcare Workers globally as regards to Covid-19?
  5. What the wasys to encourage HealthCare Workers Allay their fears ?

Scope  And Limitations of the Study

 

The time-sensitivity of the novel Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic led to the adoption of the snowball sampling strategy which might limit generalizability of the finding to the general population. There was an oversampling of respondents from the Yoruba ethnic group, leading to selection bias. Similarly the findings may not be generalizable to the less educated people. Notwithstanding the above limitations, this study provides a baseline of information on knowledge and perceptions about the ravaging COVID-19 from respondents across 180 municipalities in Nigeria. It is worthy of note that this study is an exploratory one and is part of a larger study aimed at understanding The effect of covid 19 on globalization a study of the health sector There is need for further research to build the evidence base for the study of COVID-19 knowledge and precautionary measures.

 

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE MANAGEMENT PROCEDURE OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE BUILDING

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE MANAGEMENT PROCEDURE (STRATEGIES) OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE BUILDING

CHAPTER ONE/INTRODUCTION

Background to the study

The development of the construction industry from a traditional crafting industry to a service-based industry requires a more structured and effective process of developing and designing facility management (FM; Enoma, 2005). This trend, as opined by Fahnrich and Meiren (2007) coupled together with the growing number of competitors, increased market saturation, deregulation and multiplication of successful service concepts, making the service markets in the construction industry more dynamic and increasing the pressure on the participating FM providers.

Bernard William Associate (1994) opined that FM is a management process, which includes analytical and systematic approaches used to determine and deliver the agreed levels of service activities that are required to manage, operate, maintain and support a facility in a quality environment at an appropriate cost to meet the business requirements. Hendrickson and Au (1988) opined FM as the discipline of planning, designing, constructing and managing space in every type of structure, from office building to process plant. Becker (1990) presented a picture of FM as a subset of general management. FM, therefore, involves guiding and managing the operations and maintenance of buildings, precincts and community infrastructure on behalf of property or facility owners to achieve a better output at a reduced cost with a higher level of professionalism. According to Enoma (2005), FM is an age-old practice that has existed out of necessity because buildings were first constructed to support human activities which is generally acknowledged as having stemmed from services provided by janitors and caretakers during the 1970s.
Bennett and Iossa (2006), however, observed that decisions as requisite to FM services are often made intuitively, without a thorough analysis of what is really needed and how it is needed, and most decisions are made very late, i.e. when the building’s planning has already been finalised or the building has even been constructed. A fast and early decision-making process with regard to the service support required is, however, crucial to ensure that both the building and the services perfectly fit the life-cycle costs and the users’ comfort. In addition, FM services need to consider an increasing variety of user groups. Bosch and Pearce (2003) concluded that, in the future, the structure of tenants’ households, for example, will vary even more than today, resulting in more diverse service needs for residential buildings. The same is true, in the perspectives of Fahnrich and Meiren (2007), for office buildings, considering the increasing flexibility of people’s work schedules and the blurring of the boundaries between work and private life. The provision of the right services to a customer is, therefore, a crucial, but yet challenging task which requires a structured FM practice which considers (and continuously adapts to) key user needs.

However, dwelling on a study made on the public and private properties in Malaysia by Wong (1999) and on the work of Bennett and Iossa (2006) with the conclusion that FM services tend to thrive more in the private sector than in the public sector, an opinion that can be said to be relevant in the Nigerian context based on the observed cases of public buildings’ negligence and extent of public buildings’ deterioration in the country as opined in a research by Akinsola et al. (2012).

This research work is aimed at appraising MANAGEMENT PROCEDURE (STRATEGIES) OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE BUILDING

Stylistics and Thematic Analysis of Bayo Adebowale’s Lonely Days

Stylistics and Thematic Analysis of Bayo Adebowale’s Lonely Days

INTRODCTION

With the major events revolving around Yaremi, the protagonist, Lonely Days showcases the inhumane treatment suffered by widows in Kufi land after the demise of their husbands. Yaremi is the widow of Ajumobi, a very brave and successful hunter who gave in to the cold hands of death after a brief illness that couldn’t be cured by the village herbalist who was called to cure him. After the death of her husband, Yaremi suffers all kinds of ill treatments from her kinsmen and the villagers, ranging from accusation of murder and horrible traditional widows’ rites. She is always overwhelmed with sorrowful thoughts but finds solace in the fact that her husband, Ajumobi, did not die an abominable death. She is left to stay with her grandson, Woye, who assists her in domestic chores and taffeta business. Woye also keeps Yaremi company, and this, to a large extent, fills the vacuum which the death of Ajumobi created. No wonder Yaremi does everything possible to restore the health of Woye when he is sick. Woye eventually becomes well again, and Yaremi’s joy knows no bound.

More often, Yaremi reminisces on her past relationship with her husband who was a strong defence to her. She recollects his caring attitudes and constant provision of bush meat to her. Unfortunately, his death has created an irreplaceable vacuum in her life and subjected her to abject loneliness. At first, she tries hard to face the new life of loneliness but later becomes accustomed to her predicament. She moves on with life and forges ahead in business through which she becomes an independent and important figure in the village of kufi  to the admiration of all and sundry. Yaremi’s success is success for all women in the village of Kufi as she usually makes food donations such as corn, pumpkins, pottage, flour etc. to them. However, Yaremi’s outstanding success becomes a threat to the men of Kufi because according to them, “no woman of the land had ever been allowed to worm her way into a position of prominence in village matters” (p. 89). While most men see her as someone to be avoided, some others long for her company. The authenticity of the latter clause is validated in the novel when some men  like Olonade, Ayanwale and Lanwa, before the cap-picking ceremony, woo Yaremi for second marriage with their sweet tales and display of affluence and talents but to no avail. Yaremi violates the widows’ traditional rite of picking a new cap, that is, selecting a new man for marriage, by maintaining her love for her late husband, Ajumobi.

Yaremi becomes steadfast in her decision when her daughter, Segi (Woye’s mom), visits to comfort her and tell her not to accept going into a second marriage or taking a new husband. Having the urge of going to school, Woye sets to follow his mom, Segi, as she sets to  leave her mom’s house for her husband’s. During this time, Alani (Yaremi’s only son), who has not been seen for a decade, returns and is taken around by Uncle Deyo (Ajumobi’s friend) to show him his father’s farmland which has been untouched since the death of his father. It is the duty of Alani to look after his father’s property since he is a son, but Alani isn’t moved because he has a booming carpentry business in the city, which he wants to face squarely in order to marry his pregnant girlfriend. Alani’s reaction compounds his mother’s problem. Things get worsened when the elders of Kufi ostracize Yaremi and seize her husband’s properties. Yaremi is thrown into outer loneliness. The novel ends with Yaremi lamenting for the future days of loneliness; however, she builds her hope on God.

SETTING

Lonely Days is set in the fictional village of Kufi. The natural setting of the novel is drawn from Nigeria, precisely the western part.

STYLE

Style is a particular way, pattern or design in which a work is written. It comprises the language/diction, tone, structure, narrative technique/point of view etc.of a literary work. Some of the elements of style used in this novel are discussed below.

The Plights of A Widow In Contemporary African Society A Study Of Bayo Adebowale’s Lonely Days

The Plights of Widow In Contemporary African Society A Study Of Bayo Adebowale’s Lonely Days

CHAPTER ONE/INTRODUCTION

Bayo Adebowale was born on June 6, 1944 in Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria. He is a novelist, poet, librarian and short story writer. As a literary scholar, he has written a lot of literary texts, which include Out of his mindVillage harvestLonely Days etc.

In a typical African society where women are treated as objects, it is almost normal, if not normal, to see widows being encapsulated in victimization, marginalization and ill treatment by members of such society who claim to act  within the confines of some barbaric laws and tradition of that society. This inhumane act leaves these  widows in a pitiable state, and those who can’t endure the torture, join their deceased husbands afterwards. However, amidst such unpleasant circumstance, few women still summon up courage to defend themselves even with the last drop of their blood. These women, most times, emerge victorious in their fight against society.

The above assertion is evident in Bayo Adebowale’s Lonely Days as it showcases the unpleasant circumstances which come with being a widow within the context of a Yoruba community in the western part of Nigeria. The novel shows the horrible traditional widows’ rite women go through after the death of their husbands just to prove their innocence. With Yaremi being the most victim, the rights of other widows (Fayoyin, Dedewe and Radeke) are trampled upon by the custodians of tradition. These widows are denied access to better life, and at worst, thrown into outer loneliness. Although Yaremi has been a friend of loneliness since the death of her husband, she is a strong resistance to societal dominance. Her unshaken refusal to abide by the custom and tradition of her society makes her distinct from other widows.

Top 20 Covid-19 Research Topics and Areas

Many academic researchers and scholars who may delve ito investigate Covid-19 may be wondering on project ideas on even as the world grapples with this novel global pandemic. The following are some of the topic and research areas that a researcher can explore both during and post Covid-19 especially if you are a student or aspiring student looking for a topic which you would love to explore in your research. These are just some of the topics I thought would make great research areas and not limited as the world of research is massive. One can always do research in any area of study provided he or she has found a gap that needs to be filled through an extensive research.

(PDF) Top 20 Covid-19 Research Topics and Areas

  1. EFFECT OF CONVID-19 ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT
  2. knowledge of causes and prevention of coronavirus (Corvid-19) among undergraduate student
  3. EFFECTS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON STUDENTS’ LEARNING DURING CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC
  4. The Effect of COVID-19 on Almajiri Educational System In Nigeria
  5. Effect of Coronavirus outbreak on the academic performance of students in secondary schools
  6. EFFECT OF CONVID-19 ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT
  7. THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
  8. THE ECONOMIC IMPLICATION OF THE CORONAVIRUS EPIDEMIC ON NIGERIA ECONOMY A STUDY OF CONVID-19
  9. THE EFFECT OF CONVID-19 ON HUMAN BODY AND IT’S ENVIRONMENT
  10. THE EFFECT OF CORONAVIRUS EPIDEMIC AND THE WORLD ECONOMY A STUDY OF COVID19
  11. COVID-19 Pandemic and Economic Crisis: The Nigerian Experience and Structural Causes
  12. The Effects Of COVID-19 Outbreak On The Nigerian Stock Exchange Performance: Evidence From GARCH Models
  13. CORONAVIRUS:The Impact of Massive Infectious and Contagious Diseases and Its Impact on the Economic Performance
  14. The Economic Implications of CORONAVIRUS Towards Global Economy
  15. KNOWLEDGE,PREVALENCE AND AWARENESS OF CORONAVIRUS EPIDEMIC IN NIGERIA
  16. KNOWLEDGE AND PERCEPTION OF HEALTH WORKERS ON TRANSMISSION AND PREVENTION OF CORONAVIRUS
  17. PUBLIC PERCEPTION OF CORONAVIRUS EPIDEMIC IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY
  18. Impact Of Social Distancing On the COVID-19 Pandemic In Nigeria
  19. The Correlation Between Weather And Covid-19 Pandemic In Africa
  20. CONTAINING THE RISKS OF CORONAVIRUS EPIDEMIC IN NIGERIA A STUDY OF NCDC
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